their own successes & failure. Parents begin to press teacher for higher grades – the beginnings of grade inflation. Lareau (2003): values schools promote are just an extension of values already promoted by parents, stressing ambition & advancement, especially among families of higher socio-economic backgrounds. Abuse or Violence in Schools Bullying: with the internet, much of bullying has become psychological rather than physical abuse. Repeated bullying establishes dominance over the victim (goal to humiliate, humble the victim), Bullying is not merely a psychological pathology: it is embedded in the social norms & values common to a whole community. I.e. bullying has an evident place in the adolescent society Coleman described, since that society distinguishes so clearly between winners & losers in the teenage status game. Often only the students themselves understand the meanings attached to bully rumours, gossip & threats. This is why bullying is possible even in the presence of the teacher, during classes. Rooted in the group culture, bullying focuses on certain culturally supported stereotypes & prejudices.This includes singling out people who are handicapped, unpopular, or homosexual, etc Bullies: aggressive to many people, seek & enjoy aggressive situations, little empathy, quick tempered, hyperactive, disruptive & impulsive Childhood bullies: tend to display anti-social behaviour in adulthood (30-40%), motives for bullying generally originate at home, bullying by a child considered a friend can be especially upsettingPeers: most childhood bullying happens in the presence of peers, Although 5 out of 6 students say they feel uncomfortable when they see someone being bullied, peers often watch or participate in some way, whether by joining in or cheering the bully on. Peers tend to support the bully, rather than the victim. Victims: many display anxiety expressed as tension, fears & worry, low self-esteem & depression, including sadness & withdrawal from activities (traits reported in boys & girls), less likely to be victims as they get older, or to a reduced extent Media DistortionCanWest News Service(2006): Media fuelling school shooting: when school or workplace violence gets wide media attention, there tend to be copycat actions. Those who are prone to perpetrating such acts, usually mentally ill, can be pushed to the edge if they see extensive news coverage of an attack. UBC Sandra Robinson calls this phenomenon social contagion, and says when you see one of these shootings, you will see clusters of them for a time. She notes a similar effect in teenage suicide when awell-known person, especially someone like a rock star, commits suicide. Robinson recommends that reporters be careful not to use positive language, such as the word successful, when reporting school shootings, so as not to encourage copycats The Integrating Power of Schools
It is in the school setting that children form & broaden their base of close friendships.