34. The exclusionary rule is part of the Fourth Amendment's guarantee against
unreasonable searches and seizures. 35. The extensive use of personal information by websites, such as Facebook and LinkedIn, raises constitutional questions about right to privacy 36. The First Amendment's free exercise clause means that people can believe whatever they want, but they cannot practice beliefs that are harmful to the public welfare. 37. The free exercise clause of the U.S. Constitution is best exemplified by the separation of church and state. 38. The greatest concerns that have arisen in recent years regarding the death penalty are related to the lethal injection method used to cause the convicted person's death. 39. The Privacy Act of 1974 states that a citizen has the right to obtain copies of personal information gathered by federal agencies. 40. The ratification of which amendment prompted the government to begin applying the Bill of Rights to the states? Fourteenth Amendment 41. The requirement that persons under arrest be informed of their legal rights, including right to counsel, is known as the equal representation policy 42. The right to choose physician-assisted suicide has been determined by the Supreme Court to be an issue best handled by each state. 43. The right to privacy is not explicitly referenced in the Constitution. 44. The ruling in the 1833 Supreme Court case of Barron v. Baltimore held that the Bill of Rights did not apply to state laws 45. The Supreme Court has not defined obscenity, leaving instead this determination to local and state authorities 46. The Supreme Court has ruled that state tax dollars can be spent on bus transportation, on diagnostic services for speech and hearing problems, and on textbooks for students at private schools because aid to assist the individual child and aid to further the state's goal of public safety have been deemed constitutional. 47. The Supreme Court ruled in 2000 that colleges and universities may use student activity fees to support a variety of clubs and activities, even those opposed by some students, because promoting such clubs and activities, which allow for the dynamic discussion of philosophical, religious, and scientific topics, may serve the university's mission. 48. The Supreme Court, in Engel v. Vitale , ruled the Regents' Prayer unconstitutional in part because religious persecutions are closely tied to government-established religions. 49. The Texas Omnibus Abortion Bill, which required abortions to be done in an ambulatory surgical center, was ultimately struck down by the Supreme Court. 50. The view that most liberties and rights guaranteed in the Bill of Rights are protected from state government actions through the due process clause is known as the incorporation theory.
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- Fall '14
- Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, United States Congress