ISS_225_Lec_2_Scientific_Method

The problem is that case studies are not

Info icon This preview shows pages 12–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The problem is that case studies are not generalizable. You cannot infer patterns across variables. As such more social scientists prefer a comparative approach. For example, a comparative approach might compare political parties in Botswana with those in Zimbabwe or more generally comparing political parties in Africa. Comparative approach may mean less emersion and less data. G. Secondary Source Data (see textbook, p. 37) Secondary data consists of material already collected and may or may not be published. Primary data is data collected by the researcher through such methods as survey research or observation. Social scientists (as a group) use a wide range of material: Personal documents such as correspondence – diaries Agency records, including government statistics – publications, data sets Reports made after an event Ephemera (printed material) can be important and includes o Advertising circulars o Company reports o Annual reports o Computer programs o Conference presentations o Manifestos (political party documents) o Newsletters o Newspaper reports o Obituaries o Photographs o Press releases o Questionnaires o Survey reports o Broadcast transcripts o Broad sheets o Leaflets o Pamphlets o Posters 12
Image of page 12

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Scientific Method Today, statistical data in large data sets is especially important. With inexpensive, widespread computer power most social scientists can manipulate relatively large data sets at their desktop. Various methods can be used to analyze secondary data including rigorous content analysis. Important Terms: 1. Science 2. Scientific method 3. Theory 4. Hypothesis 5. Dependent/independent variable 6. Constants/variables/attributes 7. Normative/empirical theory 8. Inductive/deductive theory 9. Experimentation 10. Survey research 11. Sampling/sampling error 12. Observation (direct, unobtrusive, participant) 13. Ethnography 14. Case studies/comparative studies 15. Secondary sources 13
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern