Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

The minister must also first consult with the

Info icon This preview shows pages 21–23. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Minister must also first consult with the Minister of Social Development. A child who gets injured at work can apply for compensation in terms of the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act. The laws on health and safety at work apply to child workers in the same way as they apply to adults. 3.1.3 Occupational Health and Safety In terms of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, employers must ensure that working conditions are safe and healthy and must do everything reasonable to reduce and avoid dangers. Health and safety representatives must be appointed in a workplace if 20 or more workers are employed there. This is not of much assistance to many working children because most work where fewer than 20 people are employed. Department of Labour inspectors also inspect workplaces to ensure compliance. One difficulty with regulations regarding safety and health at work is that much of the regulations assume the workforce to be male and adult. They may therefore not adequately address the vulnerabilities of children.
Image of page 21

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
3.1.4 Skills development The Department of Labour is coordinating a skills development programme , governed by the Skills Development Act. This includes learnerships. There is no minimum age for learnerships, but since children up to the age of 15 are subject to compulsory schooling, learnerships are likely to start from age 15 onwards. The Act provides an institutional framework for a national strategy to develop and improve the skills of the South African workforce. This should benefit older children, since the youth will be an important target for such skills plans. 3.2 Child welfare Policy measures regarding child welfare include provision of social services, the statutory measures and powers of the Child Care Act and the Prevention of Family Violence Act and social security grants. Measures to address the sexual exploitation of children are discussed elsewhere in this paper. The national and provincial legislatures have concurrent jurisdiction for the provision of welfare services. Welfare services include those of social workers, adoption and placement of children and foster care. 3.2.1 Child Care Act The Child Care Act , among others, sets out processes whereby children in need of care and protection are identified and dealt with. These provisions can be used when children need to be removed from adults keeping them in dangerous circumstances, and where this involves work the child is required to do. The Act also includes provisions on child abuse, which are wide enough to cover a range of harmful labour-related activities that may fall outside the provisions of labour laws – such as excessive use of children in a family’s subsistence agricultural activities or household chores.
Image of page 22
Image of page 23
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern