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Alternative to litigation b allows inmates to file

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Alternative to litigation b. Allows inmates to file grievances 53. Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction- the loss of certain rights upon conviction a. Right to vote’ b. The hold offices of private and public trust c. To assist in parenting d. To be on jury duty e. To own firearms f. To remain married g. To have privacy 54. Megan’s Law – a community notification law that requires registration of any predatory sex offenders who move into the area a. Name after a girl was slain by a paroled sex offender in 1994 55. Expungement Statues – some states erase the history of the criminal conviction and completely restore the ex-offenders rights a. Varies from State to State, most require a period of good behavior b. Some states do not restore any or all rights 56. Female Inmates – most are identified as non-violent, low risk offenders a. Only a few inmates actually need to be incarcerated b. The rest should be incorporated into programs that focus on reintegration into the community 57. Co-Correctional Institutes – provide both sexes daily opportunities to interact in order to lessen the dehumanizing aspects of imprisonment a. Studies are still out on the effectiveness 58. Deinstitutionalization Movement – 1960-1980 – a movement that demanded the mentally ill be transferred from the confinement facilities to community-based programs a. Movement supported by court decisions that awarded specific rights to the mentally ill 59. Geriatric Prisoners – the prison population is aging due to long-term sentences a. Assisted living prisons are being built as a result and new diet and health care developments
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60. Half-way House - places of rehabilitation, can be an alternative to imprisonment or an intermediate step from prison to society a. Many require that the criminal have a full time job, stay drug free 61. Integrated Contract Model – attempt at moving corrections away from the punishment ideology to one which focuses more on reintegration a. Offenders are given an option of signing a contract to enter an intensive, comprehensive reintegration program in lieu of prison 62. Social Justice Model – a theory of justice with the establishment of graduated and integrated levels of correctional treatment a. Related less to the offense, more to the individuals problems and needs b. Currently more a dream than reality 63. US Judicial System – a. State and Local Court – under the State government a.i. Trial courts – limited jurisdiction also called “special jurisdiction” – deal with misdemeanors – rarely hold trials and are also known as the lower courts a.ii. Appellant courts – hear appeals from convicted Defendants who ask for review of the decision of the lower court a.ii.1. Appellant courts may uphold judgment (known as Reaffirm) or require the lower court to modify it a.iii.
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