Alternative to litigation b Allows inmates to file grievances 53 Collateral

Alternative to litigation b allows inmates to file

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Alternative to litigation b.Allows inmates to file grievances 53.Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction- the loss of certain rights upon conviction54.Megan’s Law – a community notification law that requires registration of any predatory sex offenders who move into the areaa.Name after a girl was slain by a paroled sex offender in 199455.Expungement Statues – some states erase the history of the criminal conviction and completely restore the ex-offenders rights56.Female Inmates – most are identified as non-violent, low risk offenders57.Co-Correctional Institutes – provide both sexes daily opportunities to interact in order to lessen the dehumanizing aspects of imprisonmenta.Studies are still out on the effectiveness58.Deinstitutionalization Movement – 1960-1980 – a movement that demanded the mentally ill be transferred from the confinement facilities to community-based programsa.Movement supported by court decisions that awarded specific rights to the mentally ill59.Geriatric Prisoners – the prison population is aging due to long-term sentencesa.Assisted living prisons are being built as a result and new diet and health care developments
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60.Half-way House - places of rehabilitation, can be an alternative to imprisonment or an intermediate step from prison to societya.Many require that the criminal have a full time job, stay drug free61.Integrated Contract Model – attempt at moving corrections away from the punishment ideology to one which focuses more on reintegrationa.Offenders are given an option of signing a contract to enter an intensive, comprehensive reintegration program in lieu of prison62.Social Justice Model – a theory of justice with the establishment of graduated and integrated levels of correctional treatmenta.Related less to the offense, more to the individuals problems and needsb.Currently more a dream than reality63.US Judicial System – a.State and Local Court – under the State governmenta.i.Trial courts – limited jurisdiction also called “special jurisdiction” – deal with misdemeanors – rarely hold trials and are also known as the lower courtsa.ii.Appellant courts – hear appeals from convicted Defendants who ask for review of the decision of the lower courta.ii.1.Appellant courts may uphold judgment (known as Reaffirm) or require the lower court to modify ita.iii.
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