Each performance will be different earle brown

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Each performance will be different.
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Earle Brown (1926–2002) Major works in open form Available Forms I (1961) for eighteen players Available Forms II (1962) for full orchestra
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Significance of indeterminacy New kinds of notation were developed. No two performances were exactly alike. It made listeners understand that earlier music was not a rigidly defined, unchanging work.
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DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES
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Sampling This new process allows one to create a new composition by patching together digital portions of previously recorded music. Sampling has been used extensively in rap, other forms of popular music, avant- garde, and classical concert music.
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Computer music Charles Dodge (b. 1942) Speech Songs (1972) features computer- synthesized vocal sounds. Manipulations of lifelike imitations of speech create a word-based music.
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Computer music Paul Lansky (b. 1944) Developed his own software to create music Smalltalk (1988) manipulates speech. Night Traffic (1990) manipulates traffic noises, transforming them beyond immediate recognition. He also draws upon pop traditions, including tonal harmonies and a regular meter.
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Computer music Jean-Claude Risset (b. 1938) Served as director of the Institute for Acoustic and Musical Research and Coordination (IRCAM) in Paris Inharmonique (1977): the computer mediates between live musical sounds and synthesized sounds He continues to design new sounds through the interaction of sound waves, harmonics, timber, and other elements.
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MINIMALISM AND POSTMINIMALISM
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One of the most prominent new trends since the 1960s Materials are reduced to a minimum and procedures are simplified. The content of the music should be readily apparent. Minimalism began as an avant-garde style but became a popular and expressive technique.
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One of the most prominent new trends since the 1960s Influences for minimalism came from numerous sources. Rock music African music Asian music Tonality Romanticism
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Minimalism in art The term, first coined by an art critic in 1965, was applied to art that reduced materials and form to fundamentals. The works were not intended to express feelings or states of mind. Minimalist works often feature repetition of simple elements.
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Early minimalism in music Musicians in New York and California created a parallel movement. La Monte Young (b. 1935) used improvisation over a fundamental drone on synthesizer in The Tortoise: His Dreams and Journeys (1964).
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Terry Riley (b. 1935) Riley was a member of La Monte Young’s ensemble. He experimented with tape loops that played the same material repeatedly.
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Terry Riley (b. 1935) In C (1964) applied similar procedures with live instruments. Any number of instruments can play; each has the same series of brief repeated figures over a pulsing octave C.
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