Al 2013 subsequently the emotional components

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Comtois et. al, 2013). Subsequently, the emotional components associated with this experience are “completely segregated from conscious awareness” (Dubois-Comtois et. al, 2013). The adolescent whom exhibits this type of attachment relationship often develops maladaptive stress regulation strategies and negative feelings such as fear, hopelessness, and helplessness (Dubois- Comtois et. al, 2013). Both reactions are believed to be a result of the unresolved experience with the individual of whom he/she has a relationship with (Dubois-Comtois et. al, 2013). In this unresolved relationship, the individual is the “source of fear activating the attachment system and related distress” ( Dubois-Comtois et. al, 2013). The death of his mother caused Brady and his father to develop an unresolved insecure attachment relationship. It can be inferred that Brady and his father seldomly discussed the impacts of his mother’s death because Steve “denied any relationship of Brady’s behavior to his mother’s death” (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). This lack of conversation indicates that the experience was “segregated from conscious awareness” (Dubois-Comtois et. al, 2013). The lack of conversation also provides insight into the health of the relationship between the two. Furthermore, the case study indicated that Steve used hurtful words and engaged in physical aggression when upset. The presence of all these factors (lack of communication, hurtful words, and physical aggression) indicate that Steve was a source of fear and distress in this relationship. This statement is evidenced by Steve’s statements that suggested his belief that his father was
mean, scary, and hurtful. Brady’s behavior and low self-esteem are believed to be a consequence of this attachment relationship. Behavior In this case study, Brady stated that he believed his father was mean and was scared of him (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). He also reported feelings of low self-esteem. The case study mentioned that both Brady and Steve low levels of emotional deregulation and immaturity (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). Further sessions revealed that Steve (Brady’s father) would engage in physical aggression and use hurtful language when upset or frustrated. Brady exhibited similar behaviors (i.e.”irritable, often use foul language, impulsive”) (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). The attachment theory suggests that Brady exhibited such behaviors because his father’s behavior created a working model that suggested that this was an appropriate reaction to stressful events. It can also be said that Brady engaged in these behaviors as a result of negative feelings such as helplessness. Self Esteem The case study reported that Brady indicated low levels of self-esteem. It can be inferred that the hurtful words used by his father and suspicions of “below average intelligence” played prominent factors in Brady’s self-image. The attachment theory suggests that relationships of caregivers help to shape the working model of self. As a result, it is believed that the hurtful

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