Example Researching the risk factors predictive of sexual recidivism Psychology

Example researching the risk factors predictive of

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Example: Researching the risk factors predictive of sexual recidivism » Psychology in the law: Psychological knowledge obtained from “ AND the law” now applied IN the law (e.g., expert testimony) Example: Police officer uses open-ended questions when interviewing a child victim » Psychology of the law: The use of psychology to study the law itself (e.g., impact of new legislation, impact of discretionary release) Studying the effects of the law Example: How much discretion should judges have when sentencing? Where are Forensic Psychologists? - Private practice - Courts - Child protection agencies - Victim services - Forensic mental health units - Sex offender treatment programs - Colleges and universities - Research organizations (government/private) - Young offender programs - Legal advocacy centers - Correctional institutions - Law enforcement agencies Forensic Psychology Disciplines 1. Forensic Anthropology Examine bones of deceased victims to determine key facts about them. Example: cause of death… Kathy Reichs, Bones Tv show Medical examiners, coroners, military 2. Forensic Linguistics Examine the spoken and written word (e.g., suicide notes) Example: Women found at the bottom of the stairs case... (refer to lecture) 3. Forensic Chemistry Analyze hair samples, paint chips, blood stains and other materials. Example: Dexter TV show 4. Forensic Odontology
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Study dental aspects (e.g., bite marks and dental records) Many scientists argue that this is subjective, question of validity Example: Ted Bundy leaving bite marks on one of his victims 5. Forensic Pathology Autopsy of bodies to determine time and cause of death Medical practitioners Example: Dr. G show, Dr. Charles Smith (Toronto Sick Kids) … fraudulent accusations, wrongful convictions 6. Forensic Entomology How insects can assist with criminal investigations Example: Dr. Gail Anderson, SFU… work with the flies 7. Forensic Artist Facial composite, age progression, facial reconstruction What is the difference between Forensic Psychology vs. Forensic Psychiatry? BOTH: - Trained to asses & treat mental health issues - Research (however, psychology research is more prevalent) Forensic Psychology: - Trained to assess & treat mental health issues - RESEARCH - Psychological model Forensic Psychiatry: *HIGHER LEVEL* - Trained to asses & treat mental health issues - Research - Medical doctors - Physical disease model - Prescribe medication Historical Highlights What is the ORGIN of Forensic Psychology? Forensic is Latin for “FORENSIS” Which means “of the forum” EUROPE 1843 McNaughten: Daniel McNaughten found not guilty by reason of insanity of shooting and killing secretary to British Prime Minister (McNaughten rule for determining insanity)
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“… it must be clearly proved that, at the time of the committing of the act, the party accused was laboring under such defect of reason, from disease of the mind, as not to know the nature and quality of the act he was doing, or, if he did know it, he did not know he was doing what was wrong.” This pushed psychiatrists into the legal arena.
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