Response Feedback: Dantrolene causes weakness because of its generalized reduction of muscle contraction. It is not associated with drug dependence, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, or hallucinations. Question 18 1 out of 1 points A nurse is assessing a patient who has come to the emergency department complaining of back spasms. The patient states that he has a history of opioid addiction and does not want to take any drug that “puts me at risk of becoming physically dependent.” Which of the following medications would the nurse question, if
ordered? Response Feedback: The nurse would be concerned if the physician ordered cyclobenzaprine because long- term use of this drug may result in physical dependence. The other drugs listed are not associated with physical dependence. Question 19 1 out of 1 points The nurse is conducting a medication reconciliation of a new resident of a long-term care facility. The nurse notes that the resident takes allopurinol on a daily basis for the treatment of gout. What is the primary purpose of this drug? Response Feedback: Uricosuric drugs such as allopurinol help to balance urate levels and thus prevent gout attacks. They do not influence the remodeling of synovial membrane, provide analgesia, or affect the metabolism of purines. Question 20 1 out of 1 points A 40-year-old woman with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia has been prescribed cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) as an adjunct to her existing drug regimen. What nursing diagnosis should the nurse prioritize when updating the nursing care plan for this patient? Response Feedback: The CNS depression that is associated with the use of cyclobenzaprine constitutes a risk for injury. The anticholinergic effects of the drug constitute a risk for constipation, not diarrhea. Nutrition and swallowing are not typically affected by the use of cyclobenzaprine. Question 21 1 out of 1 points A 33-year-old man has developed acute gouty arthritis. He has been prescribed colchicine. When developing a care plan for this patient, which factor will be most important for the nurse to consider? Response Feedback: The nurse must consider the patient's dietary habits because foods high in purines increase uric acid concentrations in the blood, making a gouty attack more likely. Assessing the patient's work environment, fluid intake, and ethnicity are not as important as assessing his dietary habits. Question 22 1 out of 1 points A nurse is caring for a male patient who has a spinal cord injury due to a motorcycle accident. He has been taking dantrolene (Dantrium) for 2 weeks. The nurse will monitor which of the following? Response Feedback: The nurse will monitor alanine aminotransferase and total bilirubin levels, because a serious adverse effect of dantrolene is drug-induced hepatitis. The nurse will also educate the patient and family concerning signs and symptoms of hepatitis. Prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time would be monitored for someone taking an anticoagulant, not for someone taking dantrolene. Urine specific gravity is part of a urinalysis and would be
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 7 pages?