Societal values placed on women who drink alcohol regularly How it affects the body – Metabolism and Excretion • 10% is excreted unchanged through sweat, urine, or exhalation. • 90% is metabolized primarily by the liver, ultimately winding up as carbon dioxide and water. – The liver detoxifies alcohol at a rate of about 0.5 ounces per hour. • There is no way to speed up this process. Reasons college age women drink • To lessen sexual inhibitions • To escape • To relieve worrying • To become less self-conscious • To reduce depression • To relieve stress and anxiety • To feel more sociable • To decrease inhibitions • For the “high” that results • To be part of the group Binge drinking is consuming four or more drinks in a row for women Negative consequences associated with overconsumption • Hormonal Effects • Dieting Relationship • Disease Development • Ethnicity Relationship • Behavioral Effects, e.g., impaired ability to function socially • Social Effects • Economic Effects
• Effects on Relationships Alcohol Use: Gender Differences • Men metabolize alcohol faster than women • A person’s size also influences the effects of a given amount of alcohol • Hormones affect alcohol metabolism • Alcohol consumption can affect pregnancy Drinking on Campus • Binge drinkers are more likely to: • Miss class. • Not use protection when engaging in sex. • Engage in unplanned sexual activity. • Get into trouble with campus police. • Damage property. • Get injured. • Engage in dangerous driving behaviors. • Disturb, insult, quarrel with, or assault others. • Require care from others while being sick from drunkenness. • Secondhand Binge Effects – Being interrupted while studying. – Being awakened at night. – Having to take care of a drunken fellow student. – Being insulted or humiliated by a drunken student. – Being pushed, hit, or assaulted by a drunken student. – Being the victim of sexual assault. • 25% of college students abuse alcohol to a degree that it adversely affects their academic progress, personal relationships, and health. • 20% of college students meet the criteria for alcohol dependence. The Effects of Alcohol on Behavior • About 32% of nearly 34,000 annual highway fatalities involve people who are intoxicated. • Alcohol’s effects on motor skills, judgment, and reaction times • Each year, there are more than 170 million episodes of alcohol-impaired driving in the United States.
• Sexual Behavior – Sexual behavior changes vary according to the BAC and from person to person. – Small amounts of alcohol may make individuals lose their sexual inhibitions. – Larger amounts of alcohol may: • Cause a man to have difficulties maintaining an erection or ejaculating. • Cause a woman to have difficulty being aroused to the point of vaginal lubrication or reaching an orgasm.
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- Fall '17
- Dr Patricia Hinchberger