effective than Somalilands The skills requirement nexus was compiled from a

Effective than somalilands the skills requirement

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effective than Somaliland’s. The skills requirement nexus was compiled from a comprehensive list of skills employers could indicate were required and youths could indicate possession of. In Hargeysa and Bossasso, around half of youth- employer combinations result in the youth meeting all skills requirements, while in Burao and Garowe 40% or less do. The most commonly lacking skills were business, administration and management , with the skill required but unmet in 9-10% of combinations in each case. Burao also exhibited unmet demands for more technical skills : beautician, restaurant services, mobile phone repair, and tailoring. Garowe exhibits a need for skilled labour such as plumbing, masonry, electrical and welding. Hargeysa’s high unmet demand for administrative and management skills was somewhat offset by its high degree of labour supply sufficiency in most other categories. Bossasso’s employers again distinguished themselves by rarely requiring specific skills. Returnees showed a diminished ability to fulfil all skills requirements in Hargeysa, while internal migrants did a little better than others there. This might suggest life elsewhere in Somalia, Somaliland and Puntland provides a skillset more appropriate to finding work in Hargetsa than life abroad. Skills requirement fulfilment 2 Though there may be some typeIbias toward those willing/able to migrate abroad, the data confirm that many returnees acquired their degrees abroad and were not generally more educated than internal migrants and locals when the degree obtained abroad is excluded. was nearly uniform across migrant types in each of the other three cities surveyed. The third major requirement axis was languages . More than a quarter of all employers require basic spoken and written Arabic, which less than 5% of youths have, and nearly half require various levels of speaking and writing in English, which just over half of youths possess. Youths in Somaliland met requirements half the time, more often in the private sector than in the public Youths in Puntland met requirements four times in five In Garowe, the public sector language requirements appear less onerous than private sector Shortfalls in language were partly due to insufficient literacy in Somali, with a tenth of Somalis insufficiently literate for the employer’s needs The most crushing shortfalls were a result of requirements for basic written and spoken Arabic, and varying proficiencies in English, which about half of youths do not possess. When we take the intersection of all met dependencie s , we find that Only 27% of youth/employer combinations are a match by stated requirements, Dropping to 19% in Somaliland, with commercial hubs’ employability rates About 4 percentage points lower than administrative capitals.
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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