Joseph S. Roucek describes how the Cuban revolution in Cuba had a positive effect on the citizens of the new regime. “Here revolution is clearly a remedy of desperation an attitude cleverly exploited by Castro in Cuba and throughout the southern continent.” (Rouchek 195) Unlike Otto Reich who depicted the Castro revolution as a harsh dictatorship with no shine of hope after the heihous reign of Batista, Joseph S. Roucek shows the Castro regime in a more positive light. By calling the revolution a remedy, Roucek is showing pro-Castroism and his revolution as a cure for the social problems in Cuba. This is the complete opposite Otto Reich spoke about in his article which he criticized the Castro revolution making the revolution seem tobe unnecessary and not what the people of Cuba needed. They went from one evil to a greater evil, which caused so many Cubans to flee their own country. Roucek however, is trying to shed some light to the revolution, saying some people felt better when Castro became leader.One of the social problems facing Cuba before the revolution was lack of education for everyone. Another problem was the land holdings and no work for people. These are the first problems Castro sought to fix. “Castro's Two Basic Changes of the many changes that have influenced the basic form of Cuba's life since Castro's assumption of power in 1959, two are profound and probably irrevocable. One is the land reform which has broken up big holdings andmade communal farms where many peasants work (though the state owns them); the other is the explosion of schools and education, under the direction of a sharp, crew-cut young minister of education, Armando Hart "Everyone seems to be in school," reports Laura Berquist.”(Roucek 193) This illustrates how well prepared Castro was to become leader of Cuba, he gave everyone jobs and made education plentiful. Education became available for everyone in Cuba as soon as private schools were closed or nationalized. (Roucek 194) Fidel Castro wanted the future of Cuba to be well educated. This according to Roucek is good progress for Cuba constructed by 7
the new revolutionary leader, Fidel Castro. Tadeusz (Taz) Szulc was a foreign correspondent for The New York Times from 1953 to 1972 and biographer .Szulc is the author of more than 25 books, he was the winner of the Overseas Press Club Award and the Maria Moors Cabot Award for coverage of Latin America and was awarded the Legion d'Honneur. At the New York Times, he covered Latin America where he broke the story of the Bay of Pigs invasion. Szulc is the author of the article, “FIDELISMO” which I used to better understand Cuba under Fidel Castro.Taz Szulc introduces the article using a quote directly from Fidel Castro. “"It was much easier to win the revolutionary war than it is to run the Revolution now that we are in charge”-Fidel Castro (Szulc 49) With this quote from Castro we see uncertainty in his own leadership.