People and other protections such as a lock on your door Motivated offenders

People and other protections such as a lock on your

This preview shows page 8 - 10 out of 12 pages.

•People and other protections, such as a lock on your door –Motivated offenders? •This they take for granted. They assume that motivated offenders exists. My Data •2009 Victimization Survey (cycle 23) of the General Social Survey (GSS). •The GSS is a cross-sectional annual survey that collects information on individuals over the age of 15. •Over the last twelve-month period. •The GSS victimization survey was first conducted in 1988 and in 1993, 1999, 2004 and most recently in 2009.
Image of page 8

Subscribe to view the full document.

•I use three theories to frame my analysis: –Routine Activities –Social Disorganization –Collective Efficacy Social Disorganization Theory (Shaw and McKay (1942)) •In 1929 Shaw and McKay began a number of ecological studies of delinquency in Chicago. They were looking if and how crime/delinquency vary within a city. •Generally they found that rates of deviance were highest in areas near the city centres and declined toward the suburbs (with the exception of high industry and commerce areas outside the central district). •Most important, a persistence of these patterns over many years, even with high residential mobility. •This led them to ask: what is it about these neighborhoods that are conducive to deviance? Why do certain areas, constantly over time, have higher rates of deviance than other areas? •They argued that structural forces in particular neighborhoods – low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity, and residential mobility – created the conditions for social disorder. Heterogeneity - too different culturally, maybe a language barrier •Communities that were high in social disorganization have little social cohesion, which leads to a breakdown of social order and creates a neighborhood that is characterized by dysfunction. •Neighborhoods that are high in social disorganization are unable to exercise formal or informal social control over their residents.
Image of page 9
Image of page 10

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes