When the black death swept across england one theory

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When the Black Death swept across England one theory was that cats caused theplague. Thousands were slaughtered. Ironically, those that kept their cats were lessaffected, because they kept their houses clear of the real culprits, rats.By being able to thrive even in slightly polluted water, oysters provide an invaluableecological service; a single adult oyster can filter 50 gal. (189 liters) of water a day.When Jamestown's founder John Smith first sailed into the pristine Chesapeake Bay400 years ago, he had to navigate around oyster reefs 20 ft. high and miles long,which were effectively filtering the entire estuary — the country's largest — everyfew days, according to Rowan Jacobsen, author of the recent bookA Geography ofOysters: The Connoisseur's Guide to Oyster Eating in North America."If we can getoysters [back] to historic levels they can make a huge difference," he says, but hisdream of a return to oyster's golden age — in the late 19thcentury when 100 millionlbs. (more than 45,000 metric tons) of oysters were harvested from the Chesapeakeevery year, versus today's 250,000 lbs. (113 metric ton) haul — is a long ways off.123
Facts aboutCuisine:Food, food origins, beverages, and recipes1.A honey bee must tap two million flowers to make one pound of honey.2.A typical American eats 28 pigs in his/her lifetime.3.Americans spend approximately $25 billion each year on beer.4.Americans spent an estimated $267 billion dining out in 1993.5.An etiquette writer of the 1840's advised, "Ladies may wipe their lips on thetablecloth, but not blow their noses on it."6.Astronaut John Glenn ate the first meal in space when he ate pureedapplesauce squeezed from a tube aboard Friendship 7 in 1962.7.Aunt Jemima pancake flour, invented in 1889, was the first ready-mix food tobe sold commercially.124
8.Caffeine: there are 100 to 150 milligrams of caffeine in an eight-ounce cup ofbrewed coffee, 10 milligrams in a six-ounce cup of cocoa, 5 to 10 milligramsin one ounce of bittersweet chocolate, and 5 milligrams in one ounce of milkchocolate.9.California's Frank Epperson invented the Popsicle in 1905 when he was 11years old.10. Capsaicin, which makes hot peppers "hot" to the human mouth, is bestneutralized by casein, the main protein found in milk.11. China's Beijing Duck Restaurant can seat 9,000 people at one time.12. Chocolate contains phenylethylamine (PEA), a natural substance that isreputed to stimulate the same reaction in the body as falling in love.13. Chocolate manufacturers currently use 40 percent of the world's almonds and20 percent of the world's peanuts.14. During the Alaskan Klondike gold rush, (1897-1898) potatoes were practicallyworth their weight in gold. Potatoes were so valued for their vitamin C contentthat miners traded gold for potatoes.15. During World War II, bakers in the United States were ordered to stop sellingsliced bread for the duration of the war on January 18, 1943. Only wholeloaves were made available to the public. It was never explained how thisaction helped the war effort.

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