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Dred Scott Case (1857)- Another debate on slavery. Scott is a slave in Missouri… his master takes him to Wisconsin (free state)then returns to Missouri. Scott sews his master for freedom. Dred Scott proposes that he should have been free because he lived on free soil. Scott wins for a little while. His master appeal the case and it goes all the way up to the supreme court. Chief Justice Roger Taney- over turns the original claim. He says that he is a slave, he is property, Scott does not have access to legal rights and should have not been allowed to bring his case to court in the first place. “Black men have no rights that white men are bound to respect.”1850 Lincoln is not an abolitionists, although he is anti-slavery. He said that the country cannot survive on being split about slavery. The South only sees the Republicans as one thing (Black Republicans –Lincoln)John Brown (1859)- he raids Harpers Ferry because he thinks that violence is the answer. He goes into the South and arms the slaves. He is not successful because military force is called in quickly when he raids Harpers Ferry and The slaves do not rise up when armed. Brown is tried and executed. 1859- Two conspiracy theories.North: slave power conspiracy that free labor would be wiped out in competition with slave laborSouth: republicans are abolitionists trying to wipe out slavery
15:33North: slave labor would wipe out free laborSouth: Republicans=Abolitionists When John Brown is executed he cannot give a speech, but he will hand the “hang man” a note that said “this argument between slavery cannot be solved unless through bloodshed”Secession in 1860Democratic- Nation wide party. Try to maintain unity throughout time, but they are going to split. North and South split. – Split over proposed (Federal Slave Code) –South Carolina. –Theory of CompactRepublicans- Northern based (Lincoln) WINS!Constitutional Union Party- When Lincoln wins he wins the most electoral votes. Lincoln gets 40% of the popular vote. End of 1860 in November… in December the Secession begins. 2 waves1st- (Lincolns election): 7 deep South States2nd- (Lincolns call for troops): 4 upper South States11/21/13Corner Stone of Confederacy (READ)What is the state- MississippiWhen did they secede- January 9th 1861Why are they seceding- It refuses the admission of new slave states into the Union. Seceding because the Government is going against what our Founding Fathers created. Slavery is the ultimate source of cheap labor. “We must either submit to degradation, and to the loss of property worth four billions of money, or we must secede from the Union framed by our fathers, to secure this as well as every other species of property.” Fear of territorial restrictions.