What is adaptation distinguish between assimilation

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What is adaptation? Distinguish between assimilation and accommodation. Distinguish between habituation and dishabituation. Which years of life are prime time for cognitive development? How did Piaget view infant cognition? Who did Piaget study to develop his theory of cognitive development? What are the two benchmarks of the sensorimotor stage? How did Piaget test for object permanence? Information Processing What is information-processing theory and how does it differ from Piaget’s notions of cognitive development? What are affordances? What does affordance have to do with visual cliff measures? True or False: The realization that it is possible to fall off the edge in a visual cliff experiment does not come until after an infant has started crawling. Movement and People What 2 principles explain dynamic perception for the infant? Memory Discuss why it is virtually impossible to remember our own births.
How does memory change as the infant ages? What is deferred imitation? When are children capable of remembering and reenacting complex sequences? Chapter Seven The First Two Years: Psychosocial Development Theories About Early Psychosocial Development Psychoanalytic Theory True or False: Psychoanalytic theory connects biosocial and psychosocial development. Know Freud’s first 2 stages. Know Erikson’s first 2 stages. Behaviorism, Cognitive Theory, and Epigenetic Theory What have behaviorism, cognitive theory and epigenetic theory added to our understanding of the parents role in infant personality? What’s the emphasis of sociocultural theory on infant-caregiver relationships? Give examples of social learning and social referencing. What is a working model? What is temperament and how is it assessed? What have we learned from the research about it’s characteristic’s?
Temperament and Caregiving Describe inhibited vs. uninhibited caregiving. What is the goodness of fit? Emotional Development in Infancy How does emotional development change in the first 2 years? What emotions are typically seen in the first year? The second year? Discuss separation anxiety. What is self-awareness and when does it become linked with self-concept? What are some of the foundations of emotional growth? The Development of Social Bonds Describe how social connections help us understand human emotions. Synchrony Synchrony — what is it? How do we help foster it? Does play have a role? Attachment Major theorists? Discuss secure and insecure attachments. Understand the strange situation and how attachment is measured. Are insecure attachments repairable? Social Referencing Give examples of social referencing. Do infants reference moms and dads differently? What cultural differences exist for moms and dads?

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