100%(4)4 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 40 - 43 out of 178 pages.
ANS: Answers will varyDIF: Difficult REF: The Motivational Perspective OBJ: Conceptual6. Explain the outgroup homogeneity effect and discuss how it might be avoided.7. Summarize the findings of Devine’s research on how prejudiced and nonprejudiced people differ from each other. In your answer, be sure to address her distinction between automatic and controlled processes. Give an example of when automatic processes might play a stronger role in influencing our judgments.ANS: Answers will varyDIF: Difficult REF: The Cognitive Perspective OBJ: Factual8. Give an example of how—according to social psychological research—biased information processing leads to discrimination.ANS: Answers will varyDIF: Medium REF: The Cognitive Perspective OBJ: Applied9. Explain illusory correlation and its relevance to the concept of paired distinctiveness. Then show how these concepts are relevant to the formation and maintenance of stereotypes.ANS: Answers will vary
DIF: Difficult REF: The Cognitive Perspective OBJ: Conceptual10. Define stereotype threat and the groups that are at risk of experiencing this phenomenon. In addition, give an example of how societal institutions (for example, schools or the media) encourage stereotype threat.
1. A natural experiment involves 2. If the need to belong is universal, then this need should occur in a. relationships with parents but not with friends. b. humans but not animals. c. individualist cultures but not collectivist cultures. d. cultures around the world. ANS: D DIF: Medium REF: Characterizing Relationships OBJ: Conceptual3. According to the textbook, the strongest support for the claim that we have a need to belong comes from the finding that