knowledge of the place by the police officers the hot spots are likely to be

Knowledge of the place by the police officers the hot

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knowledge of the place by the police officers, the hot spots are likely to be more effectively understood and identified. Effectiveness of the Hot Spot Police Patrol Method There is enough evidence, which suggests that policing using hot spot has helped minimize criminal activities. The evidence was based on a total of 19 studies. When the authors made calculations of the overall impact of the 19 studies on criminal activities, there was found
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POLICE PATROL METHODS 9 some statistically significant effect, which suggested that this method of police patrol resulted in reduction of crime (Braga et al , 2014). All the studies used various interventions in hot spots and they measured their effects using a wide range of types of crime. What is important is that the review experimented the displacement (this means disorder and crime migrating to the nearby areas) and distribution of the benefits (disorder and crime being reduced in the nearby areas to the hot spots) and observed that there was a significant diffusion of benefits in the method. This review was so adequately systematic that many kinds of bias, which would otherwise have influenced the conclusions of that study, were ruled out. The evidence contains a very well-designed strategy of search which included literature which was not published, the right statistical methods used in analyzing the size of the effect, and accounted for any publication bias which was potential (Braga et al , 2014). In addition, the authors carried out deeper analysis of the possible displacement of the crimes and diffusion of the benefits and how the various context moderated the impacts. Policing using hot spot method have moderate effectiveness on control of crimes and they are likely to diffuse the benefits of the crime control to the neighboring areas that surround the targeted place. However, this method is not sufficient to cure all the problems related to crime control that police officers face. It was found that this method of policing is best suited for the offenses related to drug problems, violent disorder and crime, but it was not very effective against property crimes, although it produced some positive effects. Nevertheless, hot spot policing was more effective against disorder such as solicitation, loitering and public drinking, but when it was employed in countering violent offences it was of limited help (Braga et al , 2014).
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POLICE PATROL METHODS 10 The worry of the police was that when the forceful action would be put in action to help suppress disorder and crime in an area it would simply result to displacement of crimes to the adjacent areas. However, the evidence shows the contrary. There was a diffusion effect. The adjacent area, instead of suffering from displacement of crimes, they enjoyed the benefits of the intervention where hot spot policing sway was felt beyond the targeted zone under the intervention. The results of the monitoring exercise of the neighboring areas gave a positive feedback that the criminal activities had reduced as a result of the intervention carried out in the targeted location.
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  • Spring '14
  • MichaelPittaro
  • The Land, Police Quarterly

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