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knowledge of the place by the police officers, the hot spots are likely to be more effectivelyunderstood and identified. Effectiveness of the Hot Spot Police Patrol MethodThere is enough evidence, which suggests that policing using hot spot has helpedminimize criminal activities. The evidence was based on a total of 19 studies. When the authorsmade calculations of the overall impact of the 19 studies on criminal activities, there was found
POLICE PATROL METHODS9some statistically significant effect, which suggested that this method of police patrol resulted inreduction of crime (Braga et al, 2014). All the studies used various interventions in hot spots andthey measured their effects using a wide range of types of crime. What is important is that thereview experimented the displacement (this means disorder and crime migrating to the nearbyareas) and distribution of the benefits (disorder and crime being reduced in the nearby areas tothe hot spots) and observed that there was a significant diffusion of benefits in the method. This review was so adequately systematic that many kinds of bias, which wouldotherwise have influenced the conclusions of that study, were ruled out. The evidence contains avery well-designed strategy of search which included literature which was not published, theright statistical methods used in analyzing the size of the effect, and accounted for anypublication bias which was potential (Braga et al, 2014). In addition, the authors carried outdeeper analysis of the possible displacement of the crimes and diffusion of the benefits and howthe various context moderated the impacts. Policing using hot spot method have moderate effectiveness on control of crimes and theyare likely to diffuse the benefits of the crime control to the neighboring areas that surround thetargeted place. However, this method is not sufficient to cure all the problems related to crimecontrol that police officers face. It was found that this method of policing is best suited for theoffenses related to drug problems, violent disorder and crime, but it was not very effectiveagainst property crimes, although it produced some positive effects. Nevertheless, hot spotpolicing was more effective against disorder such as solicitation, loitering and public drinking,but when it was employed in countering violent offences it was of limited help (Braga et al,2014).
POLICE PATROL METHODS10The worry of the police was that when the forceful action would be put in action to helpsuppress disorder and crime in an area it would simply result to displacement of crimes to theadjacent areas. However, the evidence shows the contrary. There was a diffusion effect. Theadjacent area, instead of suffering from displacement of crimes, they enjoyed the benefits of theintervention where hot spot policing sway was felt beyond the targeted zone under theintervention. The results of the monitoring exercise of the neighboring areas gave a positivefeedback that the criminal activities had reduced as a result of the intervention carried out in thetargeted location.