According to lipner there are two inconsistencies

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inferior language and religion. According to Lipner, there are two inconsistencies with this interpretation. The first assumption is that the Vedic Aryans presumably migrated at a later stage into India, were racially different from the Dasas and Dasyus, of which a visible mark was fairer skin. Secondly, while dasa and dasyu were referred as human enemies, they were also referred in the Veda as hostile spirits, where in the there were no connotations of a darker color. There are four “colours” of the Varna; white associating with the Brahmin, red with the Ksatriya, yellow with the Vaisya, and black with the Sudra, (nothing to do with skin pigmentation or color). 3) The Brahmins are of the highest status; models of society. They were given this status by hereditary occupation; they presided over the most important power: Gina Keranen Page 1
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that of the sacrificial ritual which was the agent of the temporal of spiritual being. The Brahmins were referred to as “human gods” and were earthly counterparts of the devas in heaven, and as a caste ritually the most pure. The behavior and practices of the Brahmins was the model that human beings were to define themselves as humans in this world. The special duty of the Brahmins was to serve the Veda by reciting, practicing, and teaching it. The Ksatriya is the next in the hierarchy; they were the kings and rulers of society who physically protected the community. The duty of the Ksatriya was to ensure that dharma reigns by the use of danda of the rod of authority. Vaisya is the third order in the varna. The specific duty of the Vaisya is to engage in trade, agriculture and commerce so
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  • Spring '12
  • Santucci
  • Hinduism, Sanskrit words and phrases, Smrti, Gina Keranen, Vedic orthodox sruti, community. Smrti

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