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Intentional self injury is associated with expericing

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-Intentional self-injury is associated with expericing eating disorders and the vulnerabilityto eating disorders.oThis is high among those high in impulsivity-In one study about 17% of youth between 14 and 21 engaged in non-suicidal self-injuryoMean age of onset was 15 years oldoThe main forms were cutting, scratching and self-hittingoMore self-injury was linked to depression and difficulties regulating attention andimpulsivity.oSelf-harm among young womenwas related tobody shameand ahistory ofparental criticism.-There arefourreasons why self-harm may occur, they include:oInterpersonal reasonsoTo suppress an unwanted social stimulus (social negative reinforcement)oTo suppress negative emotions(automatic negative reinforcement)oTo generate feelings (automatic positive reinforcement)-One factor that could account for self-injury is the internet self-injury message boards.oThis was referred to as the virtual cutting edge.oOnline social interaction provides support for those with a history of self-harm,but they also normalize and encourage further acts of self-injury.-The strongest predictors of self-injury were prior history of self-harm, higherhopelessness and personality disorders with dramatic and erratic symptoms.Bulimia Nervosa-Bulimia means ox hunger and nervosa means for an emotional reason.-This disorder involves rapid consumption of a large amount of food followed bycompensatory mechanisms, such as vomiting, fasting or excessive exercise to preventweight gain.-DSM-5 defines a binge as eating an excessive amount of food with a defined period oftime (2 hours)This binge must also include a sense of lack of control over the behavior.Binge-eating and compensatory behavior must occur atleast once a week for aperiod of three months.-Bulimia nervosa is not diagnosed if the bingeing and purging only occur in the context ofanorexia nervosa. The diagnosis in this case would be anorexia nervosa, binge-eating-purging type.-Represents a discrete category that differs qualitatively from normality.
-Binges occur in secret and may be triggered by stress and the negative emotions it brings.-Stressors that involve negative social interactions are potent elicits for bingeingoBulimics have high levels of interpersonal sensitivity, as reflected by self-criticism following social interactions.-DSM-5 criteria requires that the self-evaluation by influenced by body shape or bodyweight.-Binge episodes followed by lower self-concept, mood state and social perception.-The person engaged in bingeing often feels a lack of control over the amount of foodbeing consumed.-Binges are not always as large as the DSM implies and there is a lot of variation in thecalorie intact consumed by individuals with bulimia nervosa during binges.

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Term
Summer
Professor
HenryTittle
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