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giving an accurate portrayal of Empress Wu, yet it should be noticed that the sexual exploits and cruel murders of most male emperors are largely absent from the writings of the same historians, showing that today’s gender-based double standard was even more severe in ancient Chinese culture than it was in ancient Egypt (Dash, 2012).Despite their many differences, Empress Wu Zetian and Pharaoh Cleopatra both had to use the strict gender roles of their societies, as well as murder and political strategy, to achieve and maintain ultimate power. This conclusion raises the question of whether modern women whostrive for power and success should emulate the tactics employed by men for the same purpose. It seems clear that women who desire to fill traditionally male, elite roles may be perfectly qualified to do so but may also need to use questionable tactics in the process. Until new social roles and positions of influence are developed by women, ambitious women will likely have to utilize their gender roles, as well as ruthless tactics, in service of their rise to power.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS: EMPRESS WU ZETIAN AND PHARAO5ReferencesCrawford, L. (2007, March 31). Who was Cleopatra? Smithsonian. Retrieved from Dash, M. (2012, August 10). The demonization of Empress Wu. Smithsonian. Retrieved from ?no-istKristof, N. D. (2008, February 10). When women rule. The New York Times. Retrieved from Wu Zetian China’s only female emperor. (2014). Retrieved from