Complex gardenspalaces Literature Writing verse prioritized First novel prose

Complex gardenspalaces literature writing verse

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Complex gardens/palaces Literature: Writing verse prioritized First novel – prose – Lady Murasaki’s The Tale of Genji criticizes those who pursue aesthetic enjoyment Shows how poised/cultured nobility must act Females played unusually creative roll – avoided full Chinese influence C. The Decline of Imperial Power 9th century – Fujiwara clan influences emperor greatly Stacked courts Married into family Built up large estates Monks equally build up power and domains D. The Rise of the Provincial Warrior Elite Large landed estates come from Aristocratic families Built up power – landowners, estate managers, local officials Mini-kingdoms – like fiefdoms/manors in Europe Small fortresses Constant threat from neighboring lords Self-sufficient – granaries, blacksmith, wells Warrior leaders – bushi Administered law, public works, collected revenue Maintained armies Samurai armies – loyal to lords Called in to protect emperor Age of danger/bandits – samurai as bodyguards Warrior class Constantly trained in hunting, riding, archery Used longbow and steel swords Warrior code – bushido
Courage Seppuku – hari-kari if you dishonor family Prearranged battle locations, proclaimed ancestry, few fatalities Peasants become serfs – bound to land Can’t carry swords, dress like samurai Turned to Buddhism III. The Era of Warrior Dominance 12th century on > civil wars Chinese influence declines Warrior elite produces impressive Japanese art – ceramics/landscape, poetry A. The Declining Influence of China Emperor – heavenly mandate and centralized power a joke – regional power clear Refuse to grovel, pay tribute to Chinese Son of Heaven Gempei Wars – peasants vs. samurai Minamoto established bakufu – military government Power with Minamoto family and samurai retainers B. The Breakdown of Bakufu Dominance and the Age of the Warlords Warlords – shoguns – military leaders Built up power – enlarged domains Hojo family – manipulated shoguns who ruled for emperors Ashikaga Shogunate took power 1336-1573 Emperor flees to hills Warlord lands passed out to samurai – used to be just military, now leaders 300 little kingdoms – daimyos – no longer bushis C. Toward Barbarism? Military Division and Social Change Chivalrous qualities of Bushi era deteriorate Spying, sneak attacks, betrayals Poorly trained peasant forces Looked like they were reverting to barbarism Some Daimyos tried to maintain order through: Tax collection Public works Encourage settlement of unoccupied areas New tools New crops – soybeans, hemp, paper, dyes, vegetable oil New commercial class emerged Guild organizations started – solidarity/group protection Merchant women a bit of independence Noble women used to be able to ride/use bow and arrow

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