What is synergy a Two or more subsystems working together to produce more than

What is synergy a two or more subsystems working

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7.What is synergy? 7.What is resource based management 9.In chapter 2, discussion of different management styles and how they evolved over time, what are they
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Urwick - Integration of the work of others; combine scientific and admin. Management Weber - worked on bureaucracy and its guidelines for efficiency within an organization Barnard - acceptance of authority b. How did it evolve over time? i. Contributions Classical Management laid the foundation Identified important management processes, functions, and skills Made management as a valid subject (can be taught) ii. Limitations Only for simple orgs. Not complex Universal; cannot apply to specific settings Workers viewed as tools b. 2. The Behavioral Management perspective (Placed emphasis on individual attitudes and behavior; basically treated people like people) i. Hawthorne Studies Increase productivity in control and experimental because of extra attention Identified rate busters (overproducers) and chiselesers (under producers) Conclusion: human behavior was more important than previously believed The Human Relations Movement: o Stemmed from Hawthorne Studies o Workers respond to social context of the workplace (social norms, interpersonal dynamics.) o (McGregor, both) Theory X: Negative view on workers, like scientific management (from perspective of Managers) o Theory Y: positive view on workers, behavioral Organizational Behavior:
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