Let us prevent it by carefully paying due attention to the principles of

Let us prevent it by carefully paying due attention

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Let us prevent it by carefully paying due attention to the principles of coexistence among States and to the right of every human being fully to enjoy his own resources and to decide his own future. 43. Freedom cannot continue to be the privilege of nations which lmve been able to achieve it, but a right, consecrated and assured to ..ill nations of the world. There is no human or divine justiflcation for some countries to enjoy this freedom whereas others are kept in a state of complete deprivation of this fundamental need of human beings. 41. My Government wishes to take this occasion, when the representatives of the world's Governments are gathered to make history, to make an appeal to all Members of this Organization, urging them to solve the old problems that afflict present-day society and that demand prompt a'1d energetic action. 40. One of the essential foundations of security is that it must not depend solely on the control of offensive and defensive weapons, but rather on the efitablishment of a just international order and of equally just national orders. We must wipe out. poverty, disease and inequality of educa- tional and economic opportunities, and guarantee for every human being the satisfaction of his fundamental needs and the full development of his individuality. Such an order can be established only with the disappearance of all forms of domination by force or by economic and technological supremacy. Otherwise, unless such injustices are removed, it will not be possible to speak of the security of any nation, because the only permanent foundation for security is the one that results in justice in relations a.-nong individuals and among States. 44. Universality within the United Nations can be achieved only through these means. It is not enough that new countries or old States come into the United Nations but are left out of the responsibilities and beneflts. If the incorporation of the People's Republic of China, with millions of people and the immense potential of its age-old culture, is justifled by the principle of universality, if that same principle also justifies the permanent membership of free peoples, such as the people of Nationalist China, whose permanence in our Organization ought to be ensured, the achievement of this principle of universality justifles accel- eration of the process of decolonization, so that new peoples haVing received international recognition of their right to be free and sovereign can become members of the universal concert for which we are working in order to bring about the rule offreedom and justice in the world. striven to improve present· conditions in the Central In these times in which the security of every nation is American Common Market by establishing numerous bi- closely tied to that of other nations, it is necessary to speak lateral and multilateral contacts in which the leaders of the of world security. Any other conception of security would Central American countries have participated with praise- be Iiestrictive and not
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