proposed to return runaway slaves, give the South its rights as a minority, and restore the political balance. His ultimate plan was for America to have two presidents, one from the South and one from the North, each yielding one veto. Daniel Webster called for people to make concessions and support Clay's proposals, for the sake of maintaining the Union ( Seventh of March Speech ). He was against slavery, but he viewed the collapse of the Union as worse. Deadlock and Danger on Capital Hill: William H. Seward: senator of New York; opposed slavery and because of this, he opposed Clay's proposals; argued that God's moral law was higher than the Constitution.President Zachary Taylor opposed slavery and seemed ready to veto any compromise between the North and South that went through Congress. Breaking the Congressional Logjam: In 1850 , President Taylor died suddenly and Vice President Millard Fillmore took the presidency. President Fillmore signed a series of compromises contained within the Compromise of 1850 . In regards to slavery, California was admitted as a free state, but the territories of New Mexico and Utah were open to popular sovereignty. Additionally, slave trade was outlawed in the District of Columbia, but a stricter fugitive-slave law was enacted. During this time period, a second Era of Good Feelings came about. Talk of secession subsided and the Northerners and Southerners were determined that the compromises would end the issue of slavery. Balancing the Compromise Scales: Because the Compromise of 1850 allowed California and the New Mexico/Utah territories to be free, the Senate became unbalanced in favor of the North. The Fugitive-Slave Law of 1850 , the Bloodhound Bill, said that fleeing slaves could not testify on their own behalf and they were denied a jury trial. Northerners who aided slaves trying to escape were subject to fines and jail time. This law was the South's only real gain from the compromise. Some historians argue that the Compromise of 1850 strengthened the Northerner's desire to keep the Union together. Defeat and Doom for the Whigs: In the Democratic Convention of 1852 in Baltimore, the Democrats chose Franklin Pierce as their candidate for president. He supported the Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law. Meeting in Baltimore, the Whigs chose Winfield Scott as their candidate for president. He also supported the Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law. The votes for the Whig party were split between Northern Whigs , who hated the party's platform (support of Fugitive Slave Law) but accepted the candidate, and Southern Whigs , who supported the platform but not the candidate (they doubted his support of the Fugitive Slave Law). Franklin Pierce won the election of 1852 . The election of 1852 marked the end of the Whig party. It died on the issue of the Fugitive Slave Law. Expansionist Stirrings South of the Border: The victory of the Mexican War stimulated the spirit of Manifest Destiny. Americans started to take an interest in Central America. A canal route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans that ran through Central America would be vitally important to America.The Americans and New Granada agreed to a treaty in 1848 that guaranteed America's right to use the isthmus in return for America's pledge to
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