Us ngos have proven record of effective monitoring

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Us NGOs have proven record of effective monitoring supplies 3/8 Globalization o A rapid increase in the mov’t of people, capital, info, technology, skills, symbols, images, knowledge and commodities across national borders o EconomyPmostly relate to freer and more open markets o Two events criticalin SK globalization – 1988 Seoul Olympics and 1997 financial crisis, known as IMF crisis. Olympics o Dramatic rise of Sk’s international orientation o Increasing exposure of local culture to the outside worldPlowered the cultural barriers o Consideration of K as a part of the world. WTO (World Trade Orgs)P 1995 o Only global international org dealing with the rules of trade between nations o Korean govt—to reduce regulations controlling national border o Internationalization policy (segyehwa)—1993 o To open Korea’s door to outside o To reform gov’t and corporate structures o To enhance Korean competitiveness in the world market, to advance and find a larger market abroad for Korean enterprises and to educate Koreans in these changes Global westernization o Westernization of the Korean society and culture o o Foreign image and info—TV, internet and other communication systems
o Fashion, pop music, movies, videos, and ideas o Changes in social relationships, consumption, leisure activities, value system and meaning systems o Foreign satellite broadcasts—MTV, CNN, NHK, Start TV (Hong Kong), German an French o Leisure activities Consumption o Consumption of foreign goodsPlimited before the 1980s o Criticized as unpatriotic o Swiss watches, Am and Jse electronics, French perfumes o Shift of attitudes with the Olympics Hybridization o Western good transformed or mixed with Korean styles o Interiors of western style apartments or brick houses—rearranged to have Korean style ondol (hot water pipes laid under the floor and warmed by boiler) Growing Anxiety—Rise of Cultural Nationalism o Mixed feelings about westernization and gradual disappearance of traditional culture, eclipse of Korean identity o “Sinto puri”—body and earth are inseparable; to argue for protection for Korean products popular after GATT Uruguay Round. Popular song “Sinto Puri”—top on the billboard chart in 1994 some selected traditional cultural elements as symbols of Koreaness o kimchi, traditional music and cultural sites (Buddhist pagodas statues, changsung 장승 ) , film, Sopyonje( 서편제) ! 서편제 (Sopyonje) 1993, Directed by Im Kwon-T’aek largest grossing film as of 1993 cultural message—idyllic Korea untouched by modernity and outside influences examines national and cultural identiteis effort to establish Korean identity in the midst of rapid westernization. Econoic Data Economic Strength o Automobile industry o 1980s construction o 1990s high tech industries Miracle of Han o Korea, Inc.

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