of their previous innovations to create one of the first advanced civilizations of its time. Determination attacking the mind created an internal competition for success, for the Egyptians. With the financial resources being virtually in-exhaustible, due to slave labor and local materials, anything was conceivable for ancient Egypt. Greece, a culture known for their theoretical practical thinking and many notable concepts for reasoning and scientific thought, arose remarkable innovations. Solely developing concepts of democracy, modern philosophy, mathematical and logical proofs. The amount of brain power it required from Greece to effectively create the educational laws we live by today is tremendous (Lecture: Greek Science and Engineering). This formed an advanced civilization comparable to Egypt yet, superior to civilizations who only grew and harvested their crops to survive. This initiated a society of creativity and ambition in the Greek culture. While the Greeks were known for their advanced critical thinking skills, they also were exceedingly well known for the astonishing building projects. The Parthenon was a temple to Athena in Athens, Greece. Construction began in 447 BCE and ended in 432 BCE, the structure was made from a sporadic marble stone. Marble is tremendously heavy enabling a strong internal structured composite. The
3 temple presented an optical illusion to make the building’s edges appear straight yet, they were far from it. The edges on the Parthenon consisted of no straight lines and no right angles. They used angular patterning back and forth to portray the illusion of a straight line. Construction lasted a measly 15 years because, Phidias, Callicrates, and Ictinus, the architects, were determined to finish the temple dedicated to Goddess Athena (Video: Greece: Engineering an Empire). One of the most identified conquerors is Alexander the Great, he was inspired and determined to reach success. While financial resources were not a problem due to all the victories in battles he was able to source supplies from enemy empires. He was quite a competitive leader when it came to creating his own ideas. He wanted to be the first, like many in his power. Creating an illusion of competition in Alexanders mind, for innovation. Rome had to have been the most practical down to earth innovators due to their central advanced lifestyle. Of the several roman leaders, most wanted to conquer new land while developing the Roman Empire. Rome was notorious for their power and control over large masses of land. Prodigious at their architecture of buildings, they developed an efficient system to direct water to distinct parts of the city. The emperors of Rome controlled how water was dispersed, the wealthy were given their own benefits of running water in their homes. Rome had many innovative accomplishments over the course of hundreds of years. Their determination led to the construction of one of the greatest inventions of its period. Roman cement, also called
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- Summer '15
- Ancient Rome, Eastern Roman Empire