allows for differential reinforcement of verbal responses Private Stimuli and

Allows for differential reinforcement of verbal

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allows for differential reinforcement of verbal responses Private Stimuli and the Verbal Community o difficult to teach individual to describe private stimuli because it's unclear to the listener if the responses are correct Definition of Private Stimulus o physical energy change o capable of affecting a sense organ o affects only the individual; other individuals are not affected Nervous System Receptors o receptors = parts of nervous system capable of being affected by stimuli Private Stimuli Receptors o involve receptors within the body (nerve endings, thermoreceptors, vestibular, kinesthetic, mechanoreceptors) Public Stimuli Receptors o receptors near or on surface of skin (photoreceptor, phonoreceptor, chemoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, thermoreceptors, free nerve endings) Lesson 29: Public Accompaniment Four Ways: o in which the verbal community attempts to overcome the difficulty of not having direct access to private events o first is public accompaniment Definition of Public Accompaniment o a way in which the verbal community brings verbal behavior under the control of private stimuli o defining features: private stimulus collateral public stimulus reinforcement for given response contingent on the presence of public stimulus Public Stimuli and Collateral Private Stimuli o not all public stimuli have collateral private stimuli Lesson 30: Collateral Response Private Stimulation and Collateral Responses o additional information about private events available in collateral responses e.g. crying, moaning, holding injured/painful area, etc. Definition of Collateral Response
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o teaching responses to private stimuli o defining features private stimulus some collateral behavior community's reinforcement is contingent upon the presence of the collateral response o response = form of behavior involving muscle or gland movement Lesson 31: Common Properties Properties Common to Both Public and Private Stimuli o most likely geometrical, temporal, or intensive Definition of Common Properties o response topography controlled by a feature or features of a public stimulus o novel private stimulus that has properties in common with public stimulus Lesson 32: Response Reduction Speaker and Verbal Response-Products o learn to describe own behavior because community reacts to response-products of it and differentially reinforce appropriate responses Private Stimulation of Verbal Response-Products o even w/o externally observable response-product, individual could still feel effects of private stimulation and be able to describe it Definition of Response Reduction o verbal response controlled by the speaker's own covert behavior o private kinesthetic stimuli that are collateral with observable public stimuli o response is then reduced in magnitude to the point where no public stimuli are produced Response Reduction and Common Properties o response reduction - special case of public accompaniment o common properties - special case of tact extension
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