of the side effects pass and there is usually no long -term effects if used for short acting relief.Inhaled steroids are the most effect therapy in the treatment of asthma long and short- term(Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013). Inhaled corticosteroids play in important role in reducinginflammation, and early intervention with inhaled corticosteroids can improve asthma controlnormalize lung function and may prevent irreversible airway injury (Arcangelo & Peterson,
Asthma Management32013). Side effects are dry mouth, throat irritation, coughing and headache. Long term there canbe thinning of the skin, adrenal suppression menstrual irregularities and peptic ulcer disease(Drugs.com). Beta2-adrenergic agonists or SABA’s are considered the rescue medications thatrelieve bronchospasms (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013). SABA’s are usually inhaled for optimalbenefit. They cause the smooth muscle to relax and caution should be taken in patients with heartdisease, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, seizure disorder and hyperthyroidism. Short-termeffects are dizziness, tachycardia, and muscle tremors. Usually, side effects do not last long aftertreatment.Long Term ManagementLong term medication therapy it to control the asthma by reducing the impairment,prevent chronic and troublesome symptoms and maintain near to normal pulmonary function.Medications uses for long-term management include mast cell stabilizers, leukotriene modifiersand long acting beta agonists (LABA’s). Mast cell stabilizers are inhaled three or four times aday. This medication inhibits the release of mediators from mast cells, probably by preventingcalcium influx across the mast cell membrane (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013). Side effects includecoughing, dry throat, joint swelling, pain, nausea and headache. Once your body adjusts to the
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