He drew his sword while I just stood , And realize I'd been seen . A rhyme scheme of the poem is abab.
6. Assonance – the repetition of vowel sounds within words in a line. Example: from “A Visit from Saint Nicholas” by Clement Clarke Moore: The childre n were ne stled all snug in their be ds
7- Consonance – the repetition of consonant sounds within words in a line. Example: from “A Visit from Saint Nicholas” by Clement Clarke Moore: Not a cr eat ur e was st irr ing, not even a mouse
8. Alliteration – the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. Example: “S arah C ynthia S ylvia S tout Would Not Take the Garbage Out” by Shel Silverstein.
9. Onomatopoeia – words that sound like their meaning. Example: buzz, swish, hiss, gulp.
10. Repetition – sounds, words, or phrases that are repeated to add emphasis or create rhythm. Parallelism is a form of repetition. Examples: Two lines from “Jabberwocky” by Lewis Carroll showing parallelism: Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!
11. Refrain – a line or stanza repeated over and over in a poem or song. Example: In “Jingle Bells,” the following refrain is repeated after every stanza: Jingle Bells, jingle bells, Jingle all the way! Oh, what fun it is to ride In a one-horse open sleigh!
12. Word Play – to play with the sounds and meanings of real or invented words. Example: Two lines from the poem “Synonyms” by Susan Moger: Claptrap, bombast, rodomontade, Hogwash, jargon, and rant Two lines from the poem “Antonio” by Laura E. Richards: Antonio, Antonio, Was tired of living alonio.
IMAGERY 1. Precise Language – the use of specific words to describe a person, place, thing, or action. Example: When the elders said she was too old, Reverend Mona surrendered her tabernacle next to Fast Frankie‟s Pawn Shop
2. Sensory Details – the use of descriptive details that appeal to one or more of the five senses. Example: from “The Sea” by James Reeves: The giant sea dog moans, Licking his greasy paws.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE • SIMILE • METAPHOR • PERSONIFICATION • HYPERBOLE • ALLUSION • IDIOM
• Symbolism – a person, place, thing, or action that stands for something else.
• Verbal Irony or Sarcasm – when you mean the opposite of what you say. Example: “My darling brother is the sweetest boy on Earth,” she muttered sarcastically.
• Situational Irony – when the outcome of a situation is the opposite of what is expected. Example: After many years of trying, Mr. Smith won the lottery -- and immediately died of a heart attack.
• Pun – a humorous phrase that plays with the double meaning or the similar sounds of words. Examples: “Tomorrow you shall find me a grave man,” said the duke on his deathbed. The cookbook Lunch on the Run by Sam Witch is awesome.
ELEMENTS OF FICTION • SETTING • POINT OF VIEW/ NARRATIVE VOICE • CHARACTERIZATION • DIALOGUE • CONFLICT • PLOT • TONE AND VOICE • STYLE • MOOD • THEME & MESSAGE • DIALECT OR COLLOQUIAL LANGUAGE
Dialect or Colloquial Language – the particular style of speaking of the narrator and the characters in a story or poem (according to their region, time period, and social expectations).
- Spring '19
- Clement Clarke Moore