Interviews and testimony Primary sources: Directly gathered info, directly connected to topic Secondary source: written about primary research, add context, explain things, aggregate them into usable source
1.24.19 Essay 2: 2/24 Propose a solution to a problem The problem should be facing a specific local discourse community 6-8 pages research essay using 6 sources minimum 3 sources must be scholarly Doesn't have to be perfect, just topical NO mj, vaping, gun control, abortion
2.5.19 Key terms: Dialectic: truth is sought through discourse Agonistics: putting two ideas in conflict, the truth may be arrived at Thesis- core argument Antithesis: counter argument Synthesis- the Syllogism: major premise: fact Minor premise: Conclusion 1) Logos: making a point through facts, statistics, data, reasoning, premise building, qualitative data a) Positives: Reliable, persuasive, explains what meaning is, easy to research, good for establishing terms and definitions. b) Negatives: boring by themselves, confusing, lacks context by themselves, hard to build your own argument when you’re using other people things 2) Pathos: use of emotions to convince audience by knowing audience, emphasis what matters to them through universal appeals. Ex: children/future, safety/one’s life, money, success, friendship/relationships a) Bathos: manipulative appeal to emotion (aspca commercial, parents who guilt trip you) 3) Ethos: ethics + credibility to prove that you are capable, trustworthy a) personal experiences, proof/evidence, transparency, fairness, engagement, credentials institutional, method Kairos: timing, place. Circumstance Decorum: etiquette, norms.
2.12.19 Extra Credit opportunities: Grammar scavenger hunt: find examples of grammatical or structural errors in writing, take a picture, email it to prof, in the body, describe why it’s wrong and how to fix it. Rule: must be local, unintentional, professional Definitions: Discourse community: group that’s unified with shared goals, language, values. Discursive knowledge + practices: what one is expected to do in the community Subject positions: one of the social/ cultural spaces occupied by an actor. Actor: one with individual agency: ability to make an act on choices o Identity: race, class, gender, sexuality o Cultural: nationality, religion, politics o Ideological: world view, community, fields of study o Material: job, economic opportunity Value: what motivates the actions of an actor within a discourse community Intrinsic: motive inherent to a discourse action o Hobby gives emotional verification Extrinsic: reward is independent to the action o Getting paid to teach, wouldn’t do it for free o Different kinds of capital: material outcomes of labor Material capital: money, goods, grades Social capital: social acceptance, ability to participate in discourse community Types of texts: Open genres: easily accessed, easy to understand, transferable (available to every group), value is readily apparent o Ex: music, popular fiction Occluded genres: difficult to acquire, rare, inaccessible, expensive, difficult to understand, rely on discursive knowledge to be understood, specialized, value is limited to community o Ex: scientific journal, contracts, terms and condition
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