Possible methods of transmission include direct contact with infected blood

Possible methods of transmission include direct

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Possible methods of transmission include: direct contact with infected blood transfer from mother to baby during birth being pricked with a contaminated needle intimate contact with a person with HBV oral, vaginal, and anal sex using a razor or any other personal item with remnants of infected fluid RISK FACTORS Who is at risk for hepatitis B? Certain groups are at particularly high risk of HBV infection. These include: healthcare workers men who have sex with other men people who use IV drugs
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people with multiple sex partners people with chronic liver disease people with kidney disease people over the age of 60 with diabetes those traveling to countries with a high incidence of HBV infection ADVERTISEMENT SYMPTOMS What are the symptoms of hepatitis B? Symptoms of acute hepatitis B may not be apparent for months. However, common symptoms include: fatigue dark urine joint and muscle pain loss of appetite fever abdominal discomfort weakness yellowing of the whites of the eyes (sclera) and skin (jaundice) Any symptoms of hepatitis B need urgent evaluation. Symptoms of acute hepatitis B are worse in people over the age of 60. Let your doctor know immediately if you have been exposed to hepatitis B. You may be able to prevent infection. DIAGNOSIS How is hepatitis B diagnosed? Doctors can usually diagnose hepatitis B with blood tests. Screening for hepatitis B may be recommended for individuals who:
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have come in contact with someone with hepatitis B have traveled to a country where hepatitis B is common have been in jail use IV drugs receive kidney dialysis are pregnant are men who have sex with men have HIV To screen for hepatitis B, your doctor will perform a series of blood tests. Hepatitis B surface antigen test A hepatitis B surface antigen test shows if you’re contagious. A positive result means you have hepatitis B and can spread the virus. A negative result means you don’t currently have hepatitis B. This test doesn’t distinguish between chronic and acute infection. This test is used together with other hepatitis B tests to determine the state of a hepatitis B infection . Hepatitis B core antigen test The hepatitis B core antigen test shows whether you’re currently infected with HBV. Positive results usually mean you have acute or chronic hepatitis B. It may also mean you’re recovering from acute hepatitis B. Hepatitis B surface antibody test A hepatitis B surface antibody test is used to check for immunity to HBV. A positive test means you are immune to hepatitis B. There are two possible reasons for a positive test. You may have been vaccinated, or you may have recovered from an acute HBV infection and are no longer contagious.
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