o Two of the notes is maqam rast sound a little lower than their equivalent western notes Maqamat and Emotions – maqams show a wide range of emotions Each maqam has its own emotional quality Tabla – most common struck membranophone in Middle East. Goblet shaped and struck with both hands in a seated position Riqq – type of duff, but has a set of 5 cymbals Leading membranophone in lamma bada Duff – small, single headed frame drum Dumm & Takk sounds – dumm = primary sound; low-pitched and loud. Takk = high –pitched, softer sound that can be changed to embellish the rhythm Middle eastern drummers ornament the skeletal (basic. structures of the iqa'at by adding: takks
Ornamenting an iqa – adding takks and doubling takks Zaffa iqa (where is it performed?) used to accompany wedding processions D TK T T D T T What is the Arabic name of the following skeletal structure? D TK T T D T T – Zaffa Saidi iqa (where is it performed? What type of music does it accompany?) most used in pop songs Popular music after 1980s widely uses Saidi iqa Track 7 uses Saidi iqa The song "Mashy Haddy" by Nancy Ajram uses the Saidi iqa (that is, after the introductory non-metrical part) Be prepared to identify the following terms/concepts in 3-4 sentences: Iqa: definition; how is it created? – Rhythm in Arabic music. Created through dumms and takks being played or said Maqam: definition; how is it created? – Arabic melodic system that forms different notes for songs. Created with a 24 quarter step note set Function/Importance of the maqam – gives music a mood or shows where it is from WEEK 5 Topics: Wedding music from Upper Egypt Wedding Procession Music (zaffa) Know basic info about the following terms/concepts (essentially, know what they mean): Halal / Haram – Halal = what is lawful in Islamic culture Haram = what is unlawful- Islamic law Tabl baladi – double headed bass drum- bass drum paired with mizmars Upper Egypt – the Said - technically southern part of Egypt, but it is more elevated. Saidi mizmar – smaller mizmar, 15 in Henna Circular breathing – a technique used by players to create continuous tone without interruption. Also called mizmar drone. Can be done on aerophones like the nay and mizmar. Mizmar drone Egyptian (Dumyati) Zaffa band (origins; instruments)- All male zaffa bands created by Mahfuz from Damietta. They became popular there so he took them to Cairo and they increased in popularity over the all-female bands. Zaffa – wedding song for the wedding procession. It is a certain rhythm and is played when bride and groom are presented.
Saidi tipping ritual Be prepared to identify the following terms/concepts in 3-4 sentences: Saidi mizmar ensemble – consists of several musicians. A tabl baladi, narazan, tabla, mizmar, all playing the saidi rhythm while “Kan andi ghazal” song: discuss 4 cultural references Male Stick dances – performed at weddings and religious festivals.