100%(4)4 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 14 - 16 out of 16 pages.
Religion fading away for scientific/technical explanations●Religion as ideology○Marx - religion was used to keep workers from questioning their oppressed position in everyday life by promising them riches in the afterlife■To legitimize and obscure class conflict■Bible says slaves must be obedient to their masters in everything■Economy creates religion○Weber - religion is the causal force ■Religion creates economy: A person fulfills duty to God through hard work■Only a few pre-ordained members of “the elect” would be allowed into HeavenWere the 19th century theorists correct in their views of secularization?No; religiosity is at an all time high even though church attendance is at a lowHow have Weber’s views of rationalization played out in his predictions of the future of religion?●Belief that religions will become increasingly bureaucratic (business-oriented) and rationalized, but won’t disappear; yes this happened
Why is religion so important in Durkheim’s view of collective effervescence and totemism?●Collective effervescence = religion is nothing more than the force of the group○Causes moments of connectivity among a group●Totemism = certain things become sacred in elementary religion○Religion becomes smaller and individuality becomes larger, causing alienation○Ritualism about the health and well-being of societyWhat would this theory suggest is missing from our contemporary society that might be at the root of religious fundamentalism?How has pluralism and the religious “marketplace” in the U.S.?Social ChangeWhat are the main barriers to scientific and technological change? How does this view connect with a conflict-based understanding of society?How is normal science connected to paradigms & paradigm shift?