Religion fading away for scientifictechnical explanations Religion as ideology

Religion fading away for scientifictechnical

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Religion fading away for scientific/technical explanations Religion as ideology Marx - religion was used to keep workers from questioning their oppressed position in everyday life by promising them riches in the afterlife To legitimize and obscure class conflict Bible says slaves must be obedient to their masters in everything Economy creates religion Weber - religion is the causal force Religion creates economy: A person fulfills duty to God through hard work Only a few pre-ordained members of “the elect” would be allowed into Heaven Were the 19 th century theorists correct in their views of secularization? No; religiosity is at an all time high even though church attendance is at a low How have Weber’s views of rationalization played out in his predictions of the future of religion? Belief that religions will become increasingly bureaucratic (business-oriented) and rationalized, but won’t disappear; yes this happened
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Why is religion so important in Durkheim’s view of collective effervescence and totemism? Collective effervescence = religion is nothing more than the force of the groupCauses moments of connectivity among a groupTotemism = certain things become sacred in elementary religionReligion becomes smaller and individuality becomes larger, causing alienationRitualism about the health and well-being of society What would this theory suggest is missing from our contemporary society that might be at the root of religious fundamentalism? How has pluralism and the religious “marketplace” in the U.S.? Social ChangeWhat are the main barriers to scientific and technological change? How does this view connect with a conflict-based understanding of society?How is normal science connected to paradigms & paradigm shift?
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