Authorized kkk act in 1871 which gave authority to

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Authorized KKK act in 1871 which gave authority to prosecute and destroy the KlanClara Barton:Prominent nurse on the front lines during the Civil WarFounded the American CrossHead of Office of missing soldiersLocates 21000 mia/kiaSalmon P. Chase: Created the Free-Soil Party Served on Lincoln’s secretary of treasury Ohio Senator and GovernorRepublicanConstitutional Union Party:1859-1865 – made up of former Whigs who wanted to avoid secessionism over the issue of slaveryFormed to keep in check the political leaders who ignore the constitutional limits placed on their powerThe Sanitation Commission: June 1861 – mission to raise money and collect donations to aid US army soldiers, run kitchen, sew uniforms, hospital shops and soldier’s homes, volunteer nursesObjective to aid the Union Private organization with a federal charterHelped professionalize nursing; gave women confidence and organizational skills to proper the women’s movement in postwar yearsRepublican Party:Founded primarily to oppose slaveryDominant in NorthUnionDemocratic Party:
Tried to maintain and expand slavery in the South but not as much in the northDivision led to Republican election winsDominant in SouthConfederatesAll men are not created equalPro-slaveryBattle of Shiloh:April 6, 1862 – bloodiest battle in American History (23,000 casualties)Surprise attack on Grants army that left many Northernmers upset with his leadershipConfederates won the upper hand with surprise attack until union got reinforcements Union victory, Confederates lostPeninsula Campaign: 1862 – Union operation launched on the Virginia peninsulaMcClellan planned to advance toward Richmond via the penisulaLee’s army of Northen Virginia held off the Army of the Potomac in a sercies of engagements known as the Seven Days’ Battles, effectively ending McClellan’s campain toward RichmondConfederate victoryBattle of Antietam:Sep 16, 1862 – 25000 dead; battle ended in drawLast assault was of the bullet-strewn bridge at Antietam creekAbraham took this as a victory bc it enabled him to issue the Emancipation Proclamation at AntietamEmancipation Proclamation:Sep 22, 1862 – Issued by Lincoln; declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be freeFollowing Union victory at Antietam Jefferson Davis: Confederate leader born in 1808President of the Confederate states of america during the civil warMilitary officerBlack hawk and Mexican WarsPlanterModerate who initally opposes secessionUnable to find strategy to defeat unionAlexander Stephens: Confederacy Vice President who was an old friend of Lincoln’sGeorgia congressmenInitially opposses secessionThe Cornerstone speech
“Contraband”:Any materials received from the enemy during a warA status for fugitive slaves behind untion lines in rebel territory during american civul warRobert Smalls: Former slave (sailor) who escaped on a condederate transport shipHelped convice Lincoln to allow blacks in the union armyThe Sea Islands:Sea island slaves became the first “freedmen” of the war

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