HISTORY
Machiavelli Paper.docx

Experimentation and induction in other words deriving

Info icon This preview shows page 2. Sign up to view the full content.

experimentation, and induction; in other words, deriving general theoretical principles from particular facts” (114). Applying Bacon’s methods to his work in order to create a convincing argument, Machiavelli drew from established evidence to analyze the proper way to rule a principality, engaging in his own sort of experimentation. The Prince presented rules based on the study of how things have actually happened, and Machiavelli’s promotion of the “effectual truth” led him to discredit past thinkers like Plato for their lack of evidence, as Bacon did with Aristotle’s scientific methods. With almost every claim, Machiavelli provided evidence to support it, drawing on rulers such as Ferdinand the Catholic, Pope Alexander the Great, and the Borgias. In his advice on governing a mixed principality, Machiavelli argued that allying with forces more powerful than one’s own principality will backfire, using Louis XII’s alignment with Pope Alexander as an example. Louis invited a powerful force into Italy, thinking of him only as an aid, and Pope Alexander force Louis to surrender the kingdom. Drawing on examples from the past to make observations on governing principalities, Machiavelli demonstrated an empirical method of thinking, highly valued as a scientific and philosophical method during the Renaissance. The Prince reflected Renaissance values in that it argued revolutionary ideas by using an empirical method of evidence and observation, much like humanists and thinkers of the fifteenth century. Machiavelli’s arguments about the use of classical antiquity and the role of the church transformed modern thinking, as it presented a more logical analysis of effectual truth rather than an idealistic belief without basis. Although most believed his discovery of the autonomy of politics from ethics was ahead of his time, the way in which Machiavelli presented his argument helped contribute to greater intellectual conversations and revolutionized the Renaissance.
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern