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6.Kidney stones in the upper part of the ureter would produce pain referred to which anatomical area?a.Vulva or penisc.Thighsb.Umbilicusd.Lower abdomenANS: BKidney stones in the upper part of the ureter would produce pain in the umbilicus. Sensory in-nervation for the upper part of the ureter arises from the tenth thoracic nerve roots with re-ferred pain to the umbilicus. The other options would not experience such referred pain.PTS:1REF:Page 13257.Innervation of the bladder and internal urethral sphincter is supplied by which nerves?PTS:1REF:Page 13268.How much urine accumulates in the bladder before the mechanoreceptors sense bladder full-ness?PTS:1REF:Page 13269.What is the trigone?
PTS:1REF:Page 132510.The glomerular filtration rate is directly related to which factor?a.Perfusion pressure in the glomerular capillariesb.Diffusion rate in the renal cortexc.Diffusion rate in the renal medullad.Glomerular active transportANS: AThe filtration of the plasma per unit of time is known as the glomerular filtration rate(GFR), which is directly related to only the perfusion pressure in the glomerular capillaries.PTS:1REF:Page 132611.On average, what percent of cardiac output do the kidneys receive?PTS:1REF:Page 1326