He is helping the reader by giving his personal

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that women’s battles are for all of us.” He is helping the reader by giving his personal insight. He is making more points about his argument that the tests on women’s brain were unjust. “I don't know what to make of this remaining difference because I cannot assess other factors known to influence brain size in a major way.” He shows that he even gets confused somewhat. He is showing the invalidity of the tests. “I would apply it more widely—not only to those whose dreams are flouted but also to those who never realize that they may dream —but I cannot match her prose.” He is giving his personal insight and he helps the reader think about their beliefs as he is stating his own to help his argument. 11. Most of the time Gould writes in the third person, but he uses first person occasionally. Explain why you think those shifts strengthen or weaken the essay. (T-bar: list first person examples on the left side and state the explanation of why you think it strengthens or weakens the appeal on the right side) I personally believe that it strengthens the essay in many ways. He switches the focus of the audience and makes the audience somewhat more alert. When he switches it to first person, he makes the readers switch their attention to him because they want to see what he says. If it was just in third person, it would be much more boring and monotonous “When I wrote this essay, I assumed that Le Bon was a marginal, if colorful, figure. I have since learned that he was a leading scientist, one of the founders of social psychology, and best known for a seminal study on crowd behavior, still cited today (La psycho1ogie des foules, 1895), and for his work on unconscious motivation.” He is giving his ideas to help the reader understand what he was assuming about Le Bon. “I don't know what to make of this remaining difference because I cannot assess other factors known to influence brain size in a major way.” He is giving his ideas of what he thinks of the data. He is helping the reader think about what they think.
“I do not claim his views were representative of Broca's school, but they were published in France's most respected anthropological journal” He is speaking on his beliefs of Broca’s school and is trying to help the reader understand what they are reading. . 12. How would you characterize the audience for whom Gould is writing? Do you think fellow scientists are among them? Explain why or why not. (Opinion with evidential reason) Gould is writing to an audience that doesn’t know lots of facts but is interested in the simple question of who is smarter, men or women. The average person would read this and feel enlightened by the info given and reasons behind them but a scientist would question the results, as it is in their nature, and attempt to either prove or dispute his claims. But at the same time he is most likely leaning towards a more male oriented audience as is shown by him placing far more details about the male experiment side and how everything worked out with its movement while placing the women’s experiment at the end just to acknowledge its existence.

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