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When the Army can’t fill its force structure, priorities must be set. The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) setspriorities for how the operating strength of the Army will be distributed. This document is called the “HQDA ActiveComponent Manning Guidance.” The guidance establishes levels of fill based on unit missions and provides amitigation strategy for personnel shortages. The manning priorities established in the HQDA Active ComponentManning Guidance are also influenced by the ARPL.In addition to guidance from senior leaders and the ARPL, the Army G-1 uses established authorizations (obtainedfrom FMS) and Force Structure (obtained from Structure And Manpower Allocation System [SAMAS]) todetermine the Army Manning Guidance which are the Army priorities for that fiscal year. From the Army ManningGuidance, the G-1 then produces an annual Personnel Management Authorization Document (PMAD), which is aby skill, by grade distribution plan. Personnel fill rates and timelines for units are established by the Army (HQDA) G-1, which uses authorized strengthlevels, target fill levels, PMAD directed authorizations, and the operational (deployment) timelines established bythe Army G-3How does the Army communicate equipping priorities?The foundational guidance for how the Army prioritizes its equipment is provided in the National strategicdocuments and The Army Plan. More refined guidance is then provided through the following:The Army Equipment Modernization Strategy: This Secretary of the Army (SecArmy) and Chief of Staff, Army(CSA) multi-year strategy provides guidance and establishes a framework for synchronizing the requirement,resourcing, and acquisition processes to modernize equipment with the underlying foundation of being “Versatileand Tailorable, yet Affordable and Cost-Effective.” It provides the strategic underpinnings for how to adjustequipment modernization programs due to changes in the strategic, technological, and fiscal environments acrossequipment portfolios.The Army Equipment Modernization Plan: This SecArmy and CSA yearly plan provides the results of the annualProgram Objective Memorandum (POM) process and summarizes how the Army's Research Development andAcquisition budget request is linked to the Army's strategy. It details the dollars, quantities, and rationale for theequipment procured in the yearly President’s Budget and is based upon the underlying foundation of “Starts with theSoldier and Squad.”The Army Equipping Guidance: This Headquarters, Department of the Army multi-year guidance providesdirection for Army components, major commands, and units to allocate and distribute equipment. The underlyingfoundation is to identify and minimize equipment risks and costs as the Army transitions “from Afghanistan throughSequestration towards Regionally Aligned and Mission Tailored Forces.” In addition, the Army Equipping Guidanceprovides specific lines of effort which tie resource prioritization to current National and Army strategies. The figurebelow provides an example of the lines of effort from the latest Army equipping guidance.