Stage four the practicing thinker defining feature

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Stage Four: The Practicing Thinker Defining Feature : Thinkers at this stage have a sense of the habits they need to develop to take  charge of their thinking. They not only recognize that problems exist in their thinking, but they also  recognize the need to attack these problems globally and systematically. Based on their sense of the need to practice regularly, they are actively analyzing their thinking in a number of domains.  However, since practicing thinkers are only beginning to approach the improvement of their thinking 
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in a systematic way, they still have limited insight into deeper levels of thought, and thus into deeper  levels of the problems embedded in thinking.   Principal Challenge : To begin to develop awareness of the need for systematic practice in  thinking. Knowledge of Thinking : Practicing thinkers, unlike beginning thinkers are becoming  knowledgeable of what it would take to systematically monitor the role in their thinking of concepts,  assumptions, inferences, implications, points of view, etc. Practicing thinkers are also becoming  knowledgeable of what it would take to regularly assess their thinking for clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, logicalness, etc. Practicing thinkers recognize the need for systematicity of critical  thinking and deep internalization into habits. They clearly recognize the natural tendency of the  human mind to engage in egocentric thinking and self-deception. Skill in Thinking : Practicing thinkers have enough skill in thinking to critique their own plan for  systematic practice, and to construct a realistic critique of their powers of thought. Furthermore,  practicing thinkers have enough skill to begin to regularly monitor their own thoughts. Thus they can  effectively articulate the strengths and weaknesses in their thinking. Practicing thinkers can often  recognize their own egocentric thinking as well as egocentric thinking on the part of others.  Furthermore practicing thinkers actively monitor their thinking to eliminate egocentric thinking,  although they are often unsuccessful. Relevant Intellectual Traits : The key intellectual trait required to move to this stage is intellectual  perseverance. This characteristic provides the impetus for developing a realistic plan for systematic  practice (with a view to taking greater command of one’s thinking). Furthermore, thinkers at this  stage have the intellectual humility required to realize that thinking in all the domains of their lives  must be subject to scrutiny, as they begin to approach the improvement of their thinking in a  systematic way.
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