Of that 1 remaining 94 of variation found is within

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Of that .1% remaining; 94% of variation found is WITHIN that population! Social Significance of Race A visible ascribed trait by which a person can be clearly recognized Differential (unequal) treatment on the basis of this trait Can cause an organization of one's own self-image around this identity Those considered most different from the dominant race will have the most difficulty in assimilating What is ethnicity? How is it different than race? 1. Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth. Thus: customs, cultural characteristics, language, common history, homeland, etc... 2. A socially created system of rules about who belongs and who does not belong to a particular group based on actual or perceived commonality of origin, race, culture. This notion is clearly tied to place. Minority Groups DOMINANT RACIAL GROUP THE RACIAL GROUP THAT HAS WITHIN ITS POWER THE ABILITY TO EXPLOIT AND CONTROL OTHER GROUPS, EVEN IN THE FACE OF RESISTANCE THOSE IN A PLACE OF SOCIAL ADVANTAGE DOMINANT PRIVILEGE
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BY VIRTUE OF THEIR RACIAL IDENTITY, THE DOMINANT RACE IN ANY SOCIETY RECEIVE SPECIAL CONSIDERATION IN ALMOST ALL FACETS OF SOCIAL LIFE EVEN BUILT INTO LANGUAGE - INSTITUTIONALIZED GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS SHARE A “DISTINCT IDENTITY” RACE, SEX, SEXUAL ORIENTATION, THE POOR SUBORDINATION OFTEN SADDLED WITH LOWER STATUS STIGMA, AND LABELING GROUP SIZE (NUMBERS IS NOT A DETERMINATE) WOMEN IN AMERICA OUTNUMBER MEN BLACKS IN SOUTH AFRICA OUTNUMBER WHITES UNDERSTANDING PREJUDICE (A FEW BASIC TERMS MUST BE UNDERSTOOD) PREJUDICE NEGATIVE, RIGID, AND IRRATIONAL GENERALIZATION ABOUT AN ENTIRE GROUP OF PEOPLE STEREOTYPING A PREJUDICED DESCRIPTION OF AN ENTIRE CATEGORY OF PEOPLE Stereotypes May have a “grain of truth.” Usually contain much inaccuracy Over-generalized Overemphasize negative attributes Underestimate group variability Levels of Prejudice COGNITIVE LEVEL THE IDEA OR THOUGHT “ALL” MEMBERS ARE LUMPED TOGETHER EMOTIONAL LEVEL ATTACHING FEELINGS TO IDEA LEARNING TO FEEL ANGER TOWARDS A GROUP ACTION-ORIENTATION LEVEL PREDISPOSITION TO ACT MORE LIKELY TO VERBALLY OR PHYSICALLY ATTACK A TARGETED GROUP Theories of Prejudice
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SCAPEGOAT THEORY BLAMING OTHERS FOR PERSONAL TROUBLES TARGET SELECTION AND THEN AGGRESSION AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY THE “ARCHIE BUNKER” THEORY CULTURE OF PREJUDICE THE SOCIALIZATION EXPERIENCE IT’S “NORMAL” FOR PEOPLE TO PREJUDGE OTHERS CONFLICT THEORY SELF-JUSTIFICATION FOR THE RICH AND POWERFUL Discrimination ( IT’S A MATTER OF ACTION , NOT ATTITUDE) VERBALIZATION JOKES, COMMENTS, RACIAL SLURS EXCLUSION KEEPING PEOPLE MARGINAL AVOIDANCE NOT TRAVELING IN CERTAIN AREAS PHYSICAL ABUSE PHYSICAL ATTACKS HOW ATTITUDES (PREJUDICES) AND ACTIONS (DISCRIMINATION) WORK TOGETHER TO CLASSIFY ALL PEOPLE Racism A VERY POWERFUL AND DESTRUCTIVE FORM OF PREJUDICE THAT REMAINS VERY MUCH ALIVE TODAY
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