StructureAgency debates Artificial distinction From a sociological perspective

Structureagency debates artificial distinction from a

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Structure/Agency debates Artificial distinction. From a sociological perspective, practices related to diet, exercise etc are constrained by material resources in addition to cultural and symbolic values.
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29/10/2019 6 Psychosocial Explanations Social Exclusion, Marginalisation Income inequality Social cohesion Absolute and Relative Poverty Absolute poverty : not having enough resources to survive Relative poverty: an incapacity to achieve what is expected within the broader society and to participate fully Linked to processes of social exclusion and marginalisation) Income inequality - Wilkinson Richard Wilkinson, argues that “among the developed countries it is not the richest societies which have the best health but those that have the smallest income differences between rich and poor” (Wilkinson 1996). Key issue is the distribution of wealth the more egalitarian the better the life expectancy.
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29/10/2019 7 Social factors are interrelated SES (income, occupation, education), gender, race/ethnicity and other social factors intersect to impact on life chances and health. Spiral of Disadvantage It makes more sense to think in terms of the accumulation of risk, of the ongoing effort to keep one’s head above water in the face of repeatedly stressful, and physically debilitating events. Coping with stressful events has to be seen in the overall course of a life in which the individual is repeatedly and systematically at risk of health destroying events, whether narrowly conceived of as lifestyle factors, or more broadly as the impact of social structural factors such as unemployment, ethnicity, or gender. In short, an individuals health is the outcome of the probability of a whole series of social events, which tend to multiply negatively, the further down the social system you go. (White 2002: 69).
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  • Summer '18
  • Monroe
  • Sociology, Population health, Richard Wilkinson

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