Beginning in the 1980s and continuing through today

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48) Beginning in the 1980s and continuing through today, young people becameincreasingly involved in variousforms of ________ crimes, or crimes committed because of a victim's racial or ethniccharacteristics, or religiousor gender preferences.49) The ________ of delinquency can be accomplished by effective social programs, or it may
involve efforts toenhance the personal characteristics that shield young people from negative environmentalinfluences as theyare growing up.50) Youth are generally considered ________ when they are able to rely on apparently innate
characteristics to fendoff or recover from life's misfortunes.
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MATCHING. Choose the item in column 2 that best matches each item in column 1.Match each historical era of societal response to juvenile delinquency with its description.51) Colonial PeriodAnswer: C52) House of RefugeAnswer: E53) Juvenile CourtsAnswer: F54) Juvenile RightsAnswer: G55) Reform AgendaAnswer: B56) Social Control and Juvenile CrimeAnswer: D57) Delinquency and the Growing Fear ofCrimeAnswer: H58) A New Understanding of JuvenileBehavior EmergesAnswer: AA) (2010 to present) Increased understandingof juvenile behavior resulting from studiesin neurobiology and developmentalpsychology that recognized significantdifferences between the minds of juvenilesand adults.B) (late 1970s) The major purpose of this planwas to divert the handling of statusoffenses from a criminal to a noncriminalsetting.C) (1636-1823) The family was the primarymeans of social control of children;recalcitrant children then suffered publicwhippings, dunking (partial drowning),and the stocks.D) (1980s) The major thrusts were to reassessthe soft-line approach to minor offendersand status offenders and to "get tough" onserious and violent juvenile crime.E) (1824-1898) Wayward children wereplaced in facilities intended to reformthem.F) (1899-1966) Created in Cook County,Illinois, and usedparens patriaeas a legalphilosophy, this court handles all illegalbehaviors among juveniles.G) (1967-1975) In several court decisions, theU.S. Supreme Court granted juveniles dueprocess rights in the juvenile justicesystem.H) (1990-2010) The "get tough" attitudetoward violent juveniles led to a numberof juvenile justice initiatives in the 1990s

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Term
Winter
Professor
N/A
Tags
juvenile courts

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