16 where does the meaning of a text reside within the

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16. Where does the meaning of a text reside? Within the text, within the reader, or in the transaction that occurs between them? 17. What can a reader know about an author’s intentions based only on a reading of the text? 18. What are enduring questions and conflicts that writers (and their cultures) grappled with hundreds of years ago and are still relevant today? 19. How do we gauge the optimism or pessimism of a particular time period or particular group of writers? 20. Why are there universal themes in literature–that is, themes that are of interest or concern to all cultures and societies? 21. What are the characteristics or elements that cause a piece of literature to endure? 22. What distinguishes a good read from great literature?
23. Who decides the criteria for judging whether or not a book is any good? 24. What is the purpose of: science fiction? satire? historical novels, etc.? Love & Sacrifice 1. If any, what are the boundaries of love and sacrifice, and where does one draw the line between them? 2. What are the factors that move individuals / communities / nations to great sacrifice and what are the consequences? Nature in the Balance 1. What are the responsibilities of the individual / society / superpowers in regard to the health of the environment? (local, regional, national or international context can be used) 2. What are the consequences of being unconcerned with nature’s balance/harmony? Our View of the World and Ourselves 1. How do we know what we know? 2. What is changeable within ourselves? 3. How does what we know about the world shape the way we view ourselves? 4. How do our personal experiences shape our view of others? 5. What does it mean to be an insider or an outsider? 6. What does it mean to “grow up”? 7. Where do our definitions of good and evil come from? 8. What is the relevance of studying multicultural texts? 9. How does the media shape our view of the world and ourselves? 10. In a culture where we are bombarded with other people trying to define us, how do we make decisions for ourselves? 11. What turning points determine our individual pathways to adulthood? Past, Present, and Future 1. Why do we bother to study/examine the past, present or future? 2. What are the recurrent motifs of history and in what ways have they changed or remained the same? The Pursuit of Happiness 1. What is happiness, and what is the degree of importance in one’s life? 2. To what extent does a culture / society / subculture shape an individual’s understanding or concept of happiness? Relationships and Community
1. What are the elements that build a strong friendship? 2. How do friendships change over time? 3. What impact does family have during different stages of our lives? 4. What can we learn from different generations? 5. How is conflict an inevitable part of relationships? 6. How do you know if a relationship is healthy or hurtful? 7. What personal qualities help or hinder the formation of relationships? 8. How are people transformed through their relationships with others? 9. What is community and what are the individual’s responsibilities to the community as well as the community’s responsibilities to the individual?
1. Who defines “truth”? 2. How does perspective shape or alter truth? Sources My brain; Grant’s authenticeducaiton.org; L. Beltchenko 2007-2008 and the Greece Central School District, New York; Many, Many Examples Of Essential Questions

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