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Memorized long demanding piecessuiteslasting 1 hour

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Memorized- long, demanding, pieces/suites(lasting 1 hour) Learning procedure of “seven-inch lotus” o 1. Vocal teacher sings lyrics—solfage, rote, unison o 2. Transfer of song onto suona (wind) o 3. Onomatopic vocables for learning the drum part: “Kuag” for strike of the large gong and “tak” for dry sound on a single-headed drum Context: affiliation with vocal temple Temple-space for rehearsal Ensemble’s participation in rites and processions Effects of political suppression of ritual
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Taiwan: support for beiguan groups by businessmen Recontextualization: return to local opera roots, musicians have other vocations China II Opera Traditions Jingu (Beijing Opera) Plethora of narrative forms o Storytelling with and without music o Fully staged opera with singing, acrobatics Qingyi (serious heroine) the protagonist o Great voice o Evocative use of stance and gesture Difficulty of understanding opera only through audio. Films can provide visual dimensions. Situated plot: cultural, social, Confucian ideology CD 2-Track 14 from opera named Third Wife Teaches Son Wang Chune (qingyi), one of the three wives, a widow, did not re-marry The other two women re-married Chune’s responsibility of bringing up her husband’s son, and of a re-married rival Confucian ideology: virtuous, dutiful Li Shiji plays Chune and is a singer and actress of the Cheng School of Performance o Famous for its lyricism o Graceful style modeled after Cheng Yanqiu (1904-1958) Cheng: male actor famous for imitating females Li: imitates males CD 2-Track 14: example of a musical speech followed by the start of a song Reusing the same tune for diff drama Classification of characters by role types: o –sheng: male o –dan: female o –jing: painted faces o –chau: clown Sub-categories for each type: o –dan includes the quigyi (heroine) o –wudan: military woman o –huadan: flirtatious maid o –lodan: elderly woman o –caidan: comic woman Costumes and makeup very elaborate and expensive Skill in correct application before performance, dramaturgical role Identify roles known to informed viewers Costumes and makeup are rich
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Scenery and stage props are simple, though they may represent diff scenes Modes of Presentation: o Arias o Declamatory poems o Everyday conversation o Acting and fighting expressed through facial expressions, gestures, mime, choreographed fighting and acrobatics o
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