D economic abuse economic abuse is a deprivation of

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d) Economic Abuse Economic abuse is a deprivation of the basic need of a person to sustain him in a social set up. It is a form of abuse when one intimate partner has control over the other partner's access to economic resources. Economic abuse may involve preventing a spouse from resource acquisition, limiting the amount of resources to use by the victim, or by exploiting economic resources of the victim. The motive behind preventing a spouse from acquiring resources is to diminish victim's capacity to support him/her, thus forcing him/her to depend on the perpetrator financially, which includes preventing the victim from obtaining education, finding employment maintaining or advancing their careers, and acquiring assets. e) Intellectual Abuse Of all the abuses in Domestic Violence previously discussed, intellectual abuse has been missing from all the definitions of Domestic Violence. This is perhaps because in India a marital relationship or any other man-woman relationship is about the acceptance of inequality, where men dominate and injure and women get dominated and endure. The entire socialization process has an inherent isolation for both men and women, which inhibits effective communication between the two. Even where domestic harmony exists, there is a sense of isolation in thought whereby both men and women experience alienation from each other and at a certain level they come out to be strangers. Different educational levels
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~ 463 ~ International Journal of Applied Research add to the isolation as the mental levels are different and both find difficulties in relating to each other at the intellect level. In most of instances it is seen that Indian marriages are clouded with words such as adjustments and compromises. There is no mention of companionship or friendship as John Stuart Mill would describe it. In this scenario women come to be perceived as intellectually inferior, hysterical and unreliable and so on. This isolates women with in a domestic sphere and limits their role to procreation of children, preferable sons and to the nurturing their families. Even educated and economically independent women face this isolation as men in a patriarchal set up have controlled access to all economic activities and to all assets including knowledge which contribute to their profitability. Moreover a woman’s work in India is shaped and monitored predominantly by patriarchal authorities at home and outside The Domestic Violence Act, 2005 has failed to address this form of abuse as it has been clubbed with other abuses such as psychological emotional and economic there by missing its import. f) Tolerance of Abuse Since domestic violence tends to be culturally engrained, or derived from culturally-based gender roles, many women are tolerant of the abuse they face. A study on domestic violence in India reflected this sentiment and found that “among the women who reported violence, 29% had never received medical care after domestic violence, and 10% had never told a health worker about being abused. Only 5% of the
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