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3.Feeling low support is common among grandparental caregivers, and the childrensometimes suffer as well. Although the grandparents usually take on this role willingly, theymay receive benefits if they give up rights to the child and step in as foster parents to theirown grandchild. Some support groups are developing.107.When a child’s parents divorce, the (usually maternal) grandparents might step in tohelp out financially and supportively. There have been discussions about grandparents’ rights,for visitation to see their grandchildren, but in most cases the parents’ wishes take precedence.When a child’s grandparents divorce/remarry, some changes in the relationships may likelyoccur.108.Friendships play a vital role in the lives of the elderly, especially women. After losses,friendships may even become deeper, and elders choose friends in their own cohorts rather thanintergenerational relationships.109.Positive interventions for elders’ support have a great effect on the person’s P-E outlookand reactions. It can be done in many ways, using support groups, community efforts,intergenerational bonding; it can occur through mutual help networkswhich happenspontaneously such as neighbors etc, and through neighborhood and community buildingwiththe work of community lobbyists etc. Natural helpersare people who assist others because oftheir concern, and gatekeepers are those who regularly interact with elders, both formal andinformal, and can look out for signs of distress. Another great form of help is intergenerational programming, in which the elders’ talents andacquisitions are facilitated to help the younger generation in the community, e.g. phone support,foster grandparents, and so on.110.Although there is little empirical research as of yet on the effects of pet ownership witholder adults, it seems to have a positive effect in many aspects, and the use of animal-assistedtherapy is growing.
17SOCIAL GERENTOLOGY REVIEW ANSWERSCHAPTER 10: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES OF INFORMAL CAREGIVING111.Informal caregiving is the non-medical help for elders, including ADL’s and IADL’s.Daughters, sons, friends, neighbors, etc. can all play this role, and physical distance is not thatmuch of a blockage as emotional distance.112.Informal care has some benefits to society, as this saves a lot of money on healthcare.However, families may find themselves struggling to take care of an elder who was released fromthe hospital (e.g.) due to cost-cutting from Medicaid. Primary stressors (direct cause of elder’sillness) and secondary stressors (e.g. role strain, deterioration of caregiver’s self esteem, etc.)may arise, and create a sense of burden that is divided into two:Subjective Burden – emotional reactions such as grief, loneliness, depression, worry, guilt, anger,etc.