Cardiovascular, not renal, disease is the ultimate cause of death in up to 75% of people with diabetes. Cardiovascular disease, not stroke, is the ultimate cause of death in up to 75% of people with diabetes. Cardiovascular disease, not cancer, is the ultimate cause of death in up to 75% of people with diabetes. REF: p. 467 MULTIPLE RESPONSE 1. A nurse is assessing a patient with hypoparathyroidism. Clinical manifestations of hypoparathyroidism include (select all that apply): a. Tetany b. Chvostek sign c. Trousseau sign
d. Oily skin e. Hair loss ANS: A, B, C, E Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism includes tetany, Chvostek and Trousseau signs, dry (not oily) skin, and loss of body and scalp hair. REF: p. 18 | p. 29 | p. 458 Chapter 19: Structure and Function of the Hematologic System Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A primary care provider is talking about plasma proteins synthesized by lymphocytes in the lymph nodes. What is the primary care provider describing? a. Antibodies b. Albumins c. Clotting factors d. Complement proteins ANS: A Antibodies are produced by plasma cells in the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. Albumins are specific types of plasma proteins. Clotting factors describe a function of plasma proteins.
Complement proteins are a type of plasma proteins. REF: p. 480 2. While reviewing lab results, the nurse recalls the most abundant cells in the blood are: a. Leukocytes b. Lymphocytes c. Erythrocytes d. Thrombocytes ANS: C Erythrocytes (red blood cells) are the most abundant cells of the blood, occupying approximately 48% of the blood. Erythrocytes, not leukocytes, are the most abundant cells in the blood. Erythrocytes, not lymphocytes, are the most abundant cells in the blood. Erythrocytes, not thrombocytes, are the most abundant cells in the blood. REF: p. 480 3. An adult patient’s blood sample is analyzed in a laboratory. Assuming a normal sample, which type of white blood cell accounts for the highest percentage? a. Neutrophils b. Eosinophils c. Basophils d. Lymphocytes ANS: A Neutrophils constitute about 55% of the total leukocyte count in adults.
The eosinophils, which have large, coarse granules, constitute only 1% to 4% of the normal leukocyte count in adults. Basophils make up less than 1% of the leukocytes. Lymphocytes constitute approximately 36% of the total leukocyte count. REF: p. 480 4. A group of cells isolated in the laboratory have membrane-bound granules in their cytoplasm and they show phagocytic activity. Which of the following cells is most similar? a. Monocyte b. Macrophage c. Lymphocyte d. Eosinophils ANS: D Eosinophils, which have large, coarse granules, are capable of ameboid movement and phagocytosis. Monocytes help fight infection. Macrophages are mature monocytes. Lymphocytes are the primary cells of the immune response. REF: p. 480 5. While planning care for a patient with inflammation, which principle will the nurse remember?
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- Fall '17
- keisha lovence