Course Hero Logo

Self esteem diminished at times with overly critical

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 478 - 481 out of 568 pages.

Self-esteem diminished at times,with overly critical or some-May have an unrealistic orsocially inappropriate set ofpersonal standards, limitingsome aspects of fulfillment.ences; may tend to see othersas having unreasonableexpectations or a wish forcontrol.degree of depth and satisfaction.Is capable of forming and desires toform intimate and reciprocal rela-tionships, but may be inhibited inwhat distorted self-appraisal.Is able to reflect on internalAlthough capable of consider-meaningful expression and some-Strong emotions may be distress-ing, associated with a restric-tion in range of emotionalexperiences, but may over-emphasize a single (e.g.,intellectual, emotional) typeing and understanding differ-ent perspectives, resistsdoing so.times constrained if intense emo-tions or conflicts arise.Cooperation may be inhibited byexperience.of self-knowledge.Has inconsistent awareness ofunrealistic standards; somewhateffect of own behavior onlimited in ability to respect orothers.respond to others’ ideas, emotions,and behaviors.
2—ModerateimpairmentDepends excessively on othersfor identity definition, withcompromised boundary delin-eation.Has vulnerable self-esteem con-trolled by exaggerated concernabout external evaluation, witha wish for approval. Has senseof incompleteness or inferiority,with compensatory inflated, ordeflated, self-appraisal.Emotional regulation dependson positive external appraisal.Threats to self-esteem mayengender strong emotions suchas rage or shame.Goals are more often a meansof gaining external approvalthan self-generated, andthus may lack coherenceand/or stability.Personal standards may beunreasonably high (e.g., aneed to be special or pleaseothers) or low (e.g., not con-sonant with prevailingsocial values). Fulfillment iscompromised by a sense oflack of authenticity.Has impaired capacity toreflect on internal experi-ence.Is hyperattuned to the experi-ence of others, but only withrespect to perceived rele-vance to self.Is excessively self-referential;significantly compromisedability to appreciate andunderstand others’ experi-ences and to consider alterna-tive perspectives.Is generally unaware of orunconcerned about effect ofown behavior on others, orunrealistic appraisal of owneffect.Is capable of forming and desires toform relationships in personal andcommunity life, but connectionsmay be largely superficial.Intimate relationships are predomi-nantly based on meeting self-regu-latory and self-esteem needs, withan unrealistic expectation of beingperfectly understood by others.Tends not to view relationships inreciprocal terms, and cooperatespredominantly for personal gain.TABLE 21–1.Level of Personality Functioning Scale(continued)SELFINTERPERSONALLevel ofimpairmentIdentitySelf-directionEmpathyIntimacy454DSM-5Guidebook
TABLE 21–1.Level of Personality Functioning Scale(continued)SELFINTERPERSONALLevel ofimpairmentIdentitySelf-directionEmpathyIntimacy3—SevereHas a weak sense of autonomy/

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 568 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
One
Professor
N/A
Tags

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture