another group are held for good reason Work to understand the full life context

Another group are held for good reason work to

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another group are held for good reason Work to understand the full life context of another group Discuss differences between groups on the basis of equal respect 25 Appiah: Imaginary Strangers It’s almost impossible for an adult to perfectly learn another culture But humans are from the same species and live on the same planet It’s fairly easy to understand the basics of another culture, especially after learning the context. All human groups engage in music, poetry, dance, marriages, funerals, courtesy, hospitality, caregivers and children, etc., etc. Enough to begin a cross-cultural conversation 26 Cross-Cultural Conversations Cosmopolitan Contamination Talking across cultures can be good for all involved Globalization – it’s a more interconnected world, more mixing and interdependence means we need to talk more across cultures Amartya Sen , Idea of Justice Cross-cultural conversation causes us to examine our own assumptions, e.g., we learn that what seemed natural to us is rather social Samoan anthropologists in NYC Footbinding, FGC story 27 28
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10/21/19 8 Before Turiel Tradition Blank slate theory of moral development Selfish children are taught morality by discursive instruction and by punishment Maybe a religion with taught fear of hell 1950s, logical positivism, cultural relativism arbitrarily different moral rules are inculcated in different groups Kohlberg at Harvard in 1960s, following Piaget: six stages of moral development One grows from monstrously selfish infant to a universal respect for persons (Kant) in mature adulthood 29 Blank Slate Theory of Moral Development 30 31 Empirical Results Kohlberg survey tests of adults on moral dilemmas Only a few percent of the population can originate principled moral arguments at stage 6 (grad students and faculty in political theory, philosophy, theology) Later, one group of his students found that 50% of the population can recognize and intelligibly judge between moral arguments presented to them The other 50%? They rely on moral advisers or exemplars Suggesting again a need for better theories of virtue Another group of his students, led by Turiel, investigated children supposedly at lower stages of moral development 32
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10/21/19 9 Elliot Turiel: Moral Rules and Social (“Conventional”) Rules Same results in a 100 studies in a dozen different cultures, usually 6-year olds It’s against the rules in a school to pull someone else’s hair. Would it be OK to pull someone’s hair? No. It’s NOT against the rules in a school to pull someone else’s hair. Would it be OK to pull someone’s hair? No. Why? It would be wrong, you’d be hurting someone 33 It’s against the rules in a school to chew gum.
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